Worldwide impact of economic cycles on suicide trends over 3 decades: Differences according to level of development. A mixed effect model study

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dc.contributor.author Blasco-Fontecilla, Hilario
dc.contributor.author Perez-Rodriguez, Mercedes M.
dc.contributor.author García-Nieto, Rebeca
dc.contributor.author Fernández -Navarro, Pablo
dc.contributor.author Galfalvy, Hanga C.
dc.contributor.author De León, José
dc.contributor.author Baca-García, Enrique
dc.contributor.other UAM. Departamento de Psiquiatría es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2015-01-09T12:27:13Z
dc.date.available 2015-01-09T12:27:13Z
dc.date.issued 2012-07-16
dc.identifier.citation BMJ Open 2.3 (2012): e000785 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 2044-6055 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10486/663024
dc.description.abstract Objectives: To investigate the trends and correlations of gross domestic product (GDP) adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita on suicide rates in 10 WHO regions during the past 30 years. Design: Analyses of databases of PPP-adjusted GDP per capita and suicide rates. Countries were grouped according to the Global Burden of Disease regional classification system. Data sources: World Bank’s official website and WHO’s mortality database. Statistical analyses: After graphically displaying PPP-adjusted GDP per capita and suicide rates, mixed effect models were used for representing and analysing clustered data. Results: Three different groups of countries, based on the correlation between the PPP-adjusted GDP per capita and suicide rates, are reported: (1) positive correlation: developing (lower middle and upper middle income) Latin-American and Caribbean countries, developing countries in the South East Asian Region including India, some countries in the Western Pacific Region (such as China and South Korea) and high-income Asian countries, including Japan; (2) negative correlation: high-income and developing European countries, Canada, Australia and New Zealand and (3) no correlation was found in an African country. Conclusions: PPP-adjusted GDP per capita may offer a simple measure for designing the type of preventive interventions aimed at lowering suicide rates that can be used across countries. Public health interventions might be more suitable for developing countries. In high-income countries, however, preventive measures based on the medical model might prove more useful en_US
dc.description.sponsorship All authors have completed the Unified Competing Interest form. Dr. Blasco-Fontecilla acknowledges the Spanish Ministry of Health (Rio Hortega CMO8/00170; SAF2010-21849), Alicia Koplowitz Foundation and Conchita Rabago Foundation for funding his post-doctoral stage at CHRU, Montpellier, France. en_US
dc.format.extent 9 pag. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group en_US
dc.relation.ispartof BMJ Open en_US
dc.subject.other Impact of economic cycles en_US
dc.subject.other Suicide trends en_US
dc.subject.other Preventive measure en_US
dc.subject.other Psychiatric disorders en_US
dc.title Worldwide impact of economic cycles on suicide trends over 3 decades: Differences according to level of development. A mixed effect model study en_US
dc.type article en
dc.subject.eciencia Medicina es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000785 es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000785 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage e000785 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationissue 3 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage e000785 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 2 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en
dc.rights.cc Reconocimiento – NoComercial es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess en
dc.authorUAM Baca García, Enrique (261227)


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