Loneliness, social networks, and health: A cross-sectional study in three countries

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dc.contributor.author Rico-Uribe, Laura Alejandra
dc.contributor.author Caballero, Francisco Félix
dc.contributor.author Olaya, Beatriz
dc.contributor.author Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Beata
dc.contributor.author Koskinen, Seppo
dc.contributor.author Leonardi, Matilde A.
dc.contributor.author Haro, Josep María
dc.contributor.author Chatterji, Somnath
dc.contributor.author Ayuso Mateos, José Luis
dc.contributor.author Miret, Magdalena
dc.contributor.other UAM. Departamento de Psiquiatría es_ES
dc.contributor.other Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Hospital Universitario de La Princesa (IIS-IP) es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-05T16:04:37Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-05T16:04:37Z
dc.date.issued 2016-01-01
dc.identifier.citation PLos ONE 11.1 (2016): e0145264 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10486/677918
dc.description.abstract This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.Objective: It is widely recognized that social networks and loneliness have effects on health. The present study assesses the differential association that the components of the social network and the subjective perception of loneliness have with health, and analyzes whether this association is different across different countries. Methods: A total of 10 800 adults were interviewed in Finland, Poland and Spain. Loneliness was assessed by means of the 3-item UCLA Loneliness Scale. Individuals' social networks were measured by asking about the number of members in the network, how often they had contacts with these members, and whether they had a close relationship. The differential association of loneliness and the components of the social network with health was assessed by means of hierarchical linear regression models, controlling for relevant covariates. Results: In all three countries, loneliness was the variable most strongly correlated with health after controlling for depression, age, and other covariates. Loneliness contributed more strongly to health than any component of the social network. The relationship between loneliness and health was stronger in Finland (|β| = 0.25) than in Poland (|β| = 0.16) and Spain (|β| = 0.18). Frequency of contact was the only component of the social network that was moderately correlated with health. Conclusions: Loneliness has a stronger association with health than the components of the social network. This association is similar in three different European countries with different socioeconomic and health characteristics and welfare systems. The importance of evaluating and screening feelings of loneliness in individuals with health problems should be taken into account. Further studies are needed in order to be able to confirm the associations found in the present study and infer causality en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement number 223071 (COURAGE in Europe), from the European Commission Horizon 2020 under grant number 635316 (ATHLOS), from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III-FIS research grant numbers PS09/00295, PS09/01845, PI12/01490 and PI13/00059, and from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation ACI-Promociona (ACI2009-1010). Projects PI12/01490 and PI13/00059 have been co-funded by the European Union European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) “A Way to Build Europe”. Laura Rico is supported by the programme "Contratos predoctorales para Formación de Personal Investigador, FPI-UAM", Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain. Marta Miret is grateful to the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness for the postdoctoral fellowship (FPDI-2013-15793). Beatriz Olaya is part of the Sara Borrell postdoctoral programme (reference no. CD12/00429) supported by the Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain en_US
dc.format.extent 18 pag. es_ES
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher Public Library of Science es_ES
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS ONE en_US
dc.rights © 2016 Rico-Uribe et al es_ES
dc.subject.other Social networks en_US
dc.subject.other Loneliness en_US
dc.subject.other Health en_US
dc.subject.other Study en_US
dc.title Loneliness, social networks, and health: A cross-sectional study in three countries en_US
dc.type article en
dc.subject.eciencia Medicina es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145264 es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0145264 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage e0145264-1 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationissue 1 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage e0145264-18 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 11 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/223071 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/635316/EU//ATHLOS es_ES
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. PI12/01490 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. PI13/00059 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FPDI-2013-15793 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en
dc.rights.cc Reconocimiento es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess en
dc.authorUAM Ayuso Mateos, José Luis (260480)
dc.authorUAM Caballero Díaz, Francisco Félix (264875)

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