A study on the relationship between serum beta 2-microglobulin levels, underlying chronic kidney disease, and peripheral arterial disease in high-vascular-risk patients
PublisherShiraz University of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular Research Center
CitationInternational Cardiovascular Research Journal 6.4 (2012): 107-112
ISSN2251-9130 (print); 2251-9149 (online)
SubjectsAnkle-Brachial Index; Beta 2-Microglobulin; Glomerular Filtration Rate; Peripheral Arterial Disease; Renal Insufficiency; Medicina
Rights© Real de Asúa D et al.
Background: Serum beta 2-microglobulin (B2M) levels have been found to be increased in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), yet it is still unknown whether B2M correlates with PAD intensity. Objectives: We aim to evaluate the correlation between B2M and the ankle-brachial index (ABI) values in high-vascular-risk patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 63 high-vascular-risk patients admitted to the Cardiology Department or evaluated as outpatients in the Internal Medicine Department of our institution. Patients were classified into two groups according to their ABI: patients without PAD (n = 44, ABI values between 0.9 and 1.4) and patients with PAD (n = 19, ABI values lower than 0.9 or higher than 1.4). We performed univariate and multivariate analysis based on a multiple linear regression model. Results: Serum B2M levels were higher in patients with pathological ABI values than in those without PAD (2.36 ± 1.13 vs. 1.80 ± 0.65 mg/L; P<0.05). We found no correlation between B2M and ABI in our total population (r = –0.12) or in patients with PAD (r = –0.09; NS for both comparisons). Age, gender, arterial hypertension, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), uric acid, total cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol correlated with B2M in the univariate analysis. In the final linear regression model, eGFR, uric acid and total cholesterol correlated independently with B2M (P<0.01). Conclusion: We found no correlation between B2M levels and ABI values in high-vascularrisk patients that could usefully help in the subsequent diagnosis of PAD. However, we observed a significant correlation between B2M and eGFR, even when renal function was only slightly impaired.
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