Subtractive phage display selection from canine visceral leishmaniasis identifies novel epitopes that mimic leishmania infantum antigens with potential serodiagnosis applications
AuthorCosta, Lourena Emanuele; Lima, Mayara Ingrid Sousa; Chávez-Fumagalli, Miguel Angel; Menezes-Souza, Daniel; Martins, Vivian Tamietti; Duarte, Mariana Costa; Lage, Paula Sousa; Lopes, Eliane Gonçalves Paiva; Lage, Daniela P.; Ribeiro, Tatiana Gomes; Andrade, Pedro H R; De Magalhães Soares, Danielle Ferreira; Soto Álvarez, Manuel; Tavares, Carlos Alberto Pereira; Goulart, Luiz Ricardo; Coelho, Eduardo Anton̂io Ferraz
EntityUAM. Departamento de Biología Molecular; Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CBM)
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology.
10.1128/CVI.00583-13Clinical and Vaccine Immunology 21.1 (2014): 96-106
ISSN1556-6811 (print); 1556-679X (online)
Funded byThis work was supported by grants from the Pró-Reitoria de Pesquisa of UFMG (supported 03/2013), the Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Nano-Biofarmacêutica (INCT Nano-Biofar), Rede Nanobiotec/Brasil-UFU (CAPES), PRONEX-FAPEMIG (APQ-01019- 09), FAPEMIG (APQ-00496-11 and APQ-00819-12), and CNPq (APQ- 472090/2011-9 and APQ-482976/2012-8). E.A.F.C. and L.R.G. are recipients of grants from CNPq. M.A.C.-F. is the recipient of a grant from FAPEMIG/CAPES
SubjectsLeishmaniasis; Leishmania infantum; Potential serodiagnosis applications; Biología y Biomedicina / Biología
Rights© 2014, American Society for Microbiology
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a zoonotic disease that is endemic to Brazil, where dogs are the main domestic parasite reservoirs, and the percentages of infected dogs living in regions where canine VL (CVL) is endemic have ranged from 10% to 62%. Despite technological advances, some problems have been reported with CVL serodiagnosis. The present study describes a sequential subtractive selection through phage display technology from polyclonal antibodies of negative and positive sera that resulted in the identification of potential bacteriophage-fused peptides that were highly sensitive and specific to antibodies of CVL. A negative selection was performed in which phage clones were adhered to purified IgGs from healthy and Trypanosoma cruzi-infected dogs to eliminate cross-reactive phages. The remaining supernatant nonadhered phages were submitted to positive selection against IgG from the blood serum of dogs that were infected with Leishmania infantum. Phage clones that adhered to purified IgGs from the CVL-infected serum samples were selected. Eighteen clones were identified and their reactivities tested by a phage enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (phage-ELISA) against the serum samples from infected dogs (n 31) compared to those from vaccinated dogs (n 21), experimentally infected dogs with cross-reactive parasites (n 23), and healthy controls (n 17). Eight clones presented sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 100%, and they showed no crossreactivity with T. cruzi- or Ehrlichia canis-infected dogs or with dogs vaccinated with two different commercial CVL vaccines in Brazil. Our study identified eight mimotopes of L. infantum antigens with 100% accuracy for CVL serodiagnosis. The use of these mimotopes by phage-ELISA proved to be an excellent assay that was reproducible, simple, fast, and inexpensive, and it can be applied in CVL-monitoring programs
Google Scholar:Costa, Lourena Emanuele - Lima, Mayara Ingrid Sousa - Chávez-Fumagalli, Miguel Angel - Menezes-Souza, Daniel - Martins, Vivian Tamietti - Duarte, Mariana Costa - Lage, Paula Sousa - Lopes, Eliane Gonçalves Paiva - Lage, Daniela P. - Ribeiro, Tatiana Gomes - Andrade, Pedro H R - De Magalhães Soares, Danielle Ferreira - Soto Álvarez, Manuel - Tavares, Carlos Alberto Pereira - Goulart, Luiz Ricardo - Coelho, Eduardo Anton̂io Ferraz
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