Low-level lead exposure increases systolic arterial pressure and endothelium-derived vasodilator factors in rat aortas
EntityUAM. Departamento de Farmacología
PublisherPublic Library of Science
10.1371/journal.pone.0017117Plos One 6.2 (2011): e17117
Funded byThis study was supported by grants from CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento Pessoal de Nível Superior) and CNPq (Conselho Nacional de desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico)/FAPES (Fundação de Apoio à Pesquisa do Espírito Santo)/FUNCITEC (Fundação de Ciência e Tecnologia) (39767531/07), Brazil and from MCINN (SAF 2009-07201) and ISCIII (Red RECAVA, RD06/0014/0011), Spain
SubjectsAorta; Blood Pressure; Rats; Endothelium, Vascular; Lead Poisoning; Vasoconstriction; Medicina
Rights© 2011 Fiorim et al.
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Chronic lead exposure induces hypertension and alters endothelial function. However, treatment with low lead concentrations was not yet explored. We analyzed the effects of 7 day exposure to low lead concentrations on endothelium-dependent responses. Wistar rats were treated with lead (1st dose 4 μg/100 g, subsequent dose 0.05 μg/100 g, i.m. to cover daily loss) or vehicle; blood levels attained at the end of treatment were 9.98 μg/dL. Lead treatment had the following effects: increase in systolic blood pressure (SBP); reduction of contractile response to phenylephrine (1 nM-100 μM) of aortic rings; unaffected relaxation induced by acetylcholine (0.1 nM-300 μM) or sodium nitroprusside (0.01 nM-0.3 μM). Endothelium removal, NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (100 μM) and tetraethylammonium (2 mM) increased the response to phenylephrine in treated rats more than in untreated rats. Aminoguanidine (50 μM) increased but losartan (10 μM) and enalapril (10 μM) reduced the response to phenylephrine in treated rats. Lead treatment also increased aortic Na+/K+-ATPase functional activity, plasma angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity, protein expression of the Na+/K+-ATPase alpha-1 subunit, phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase (p-eNOS), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Our results suggest that on initial stages of lead exposure, increased SBP is caused by the increase in plasma ACE activity. This effect is accompanied by increased p-eNOS, iNOS protein expression and Na+/K+-ATPase functional activity. These factors might be a compensatory mechanism to the increase in SBP
Google Scholar:Fiorim, Jonaína - Ribeiro, Rogério Faustino - Silveira, Edna Aparecida Parecida - Padilha, Alessandra Simão - Vescovi, Marcos Vinícius Altoé - De Jesus, Honério Coutinho - Stefanon, Ivanita - Salaices Sánchez, Mercedes - Vassallo, Dalton Valentim
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