Construal level as a moderator of the role of affective and cognitive attitudes in the prediction of health-risk behavioural intentions
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd.
10.1111/bjso.12058British Journal of Social Psychology 53.4 (2014): 773-791
ISSN0144-6665 (print); 2044-8309 (online)
Funded byThis research was supported by grant PSI 2011-28720.
ProjectGobierno de España. PSI 2011-28720
SubjectsCognitive Processes; Emotional Responses; Health Attitudes; Intention; Risk Taking; Health Behavior; Prediction; Psicología
Rights© 2014 The British Psychological Society
In two preliminary control checks it was shown that affective attitudes presented greaterabstraction than cognitive attitudes. Three further studies explored how construal levelmoderated the role of affective and cognitive attitudes in predicting one health-promoting behaviour (exercising) and two risk behaviours (sleep debt and binge drinking). There was astronger influence of affective attitudes both when participants were in abstract (vs.concrete) mindsets induced by a priming task in Studies 1a and 1b, and when behaviouralintentions were formed for the distant (vs. near) future in Study 2. In the case of concretemindsets, the results were inconclusive; the interaction between construal level andcognitive attitudes was only marginally significant in Study 1b. The present researchsupports the assertion that in abstract mindsets (vs. concrete mindsets) people use moreaffective attitudes to construe their behavioural intentions. Practical implications forhealth promotion are discussed in the framework of construal-level theory
Google Scholar:Carrera Levillain, Pilar - Caballero González, Amparo - Muñoz Cáceres, María Dolores - González Iraizoz, Marta - Fernández, Itziar
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