Context as a non-ontological determinant of semantics
EntityUAM. Departamento de Ingeniería Informática
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
10.1007/978-3-540-92235-3_11Semantic Multimedia: Third International Conference on Semantic and Digital Media Technologies, SAMT 2008, Koblenz, Germany, December 3-5, 2008. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Volumen 5392. Springer, 2008. 121-136.
ISSN0302-9743 (print); 1611-3349 (online)
ISBN978-3-540-92234-6 (print); 978-3-540-92235-3 (online)
SubjectsMultimedia Information Systems; Computer Communication Networks; Information Systems Applications; Informática
NoteThe final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/110.1007/978-3-540-92235-3_11
Proceedings of Third International Conference on Semantic and Digital Media Technologies, SAMT 2008, Koblenz, Germany, December 3-5, 2008.
Rights© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008
This paper proposes an alternative to formal annotation for the representation of semantics. Drawing on the position of most of last century’s linguistics and interpretation theory, the article argues that meaning is not a property of a document, but an outcome of a contextualized and situated process of interpretation. The consequence of this position is that one should not quite try to represent the meaning of a document (the way formal annotation does), but the context of the activity of which search is part. We present some general considerations on the representation and use of the context, and a simple example of a technique to encode the context represented by the documents collected in the computer in which one is working, and to use them to direct search. We show preliminary results showing that even this rather simpleminded context representation can lead to considerable improvements with respect to commercial search engines.
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