Descriptive Study of the socratic method: evidence for verbal shaping
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud
10.1016/j.beth.2013.08.001Behavior Therapy 44.4 (2013): 625–638
ISSN0005-7894 (print); 1878-1888 (online)
Funded byThis research was funded by the Spanish Government (Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, I+D+I Research Grants SEJ2007-66537-PSIC, PSI2010-15908)
ProjectGobierno de España. SEJ2007-66537/PSIC; Gobierno de España. PSI2010-15908
SubjectsBehavior therapy; Socratic method; Mechanisms of change; Cognitive restructuring; Shaping; Psicología
Rights© 2013 Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
In this study we analyzed 65 fragments of session recordings in which a cognitive behavioral therapist employed the Socratic method with her patients. Specialized coding instruments were used to categorize the verbal behavior of the psychologist and the patients. First the fragments were classified as more or less successful depending on the overall degree of concordance between the patient’s verbal behavior and the therapeutic objectives. Then the fragments were submitted to sequential analysis so as to discover regularities linking the patient’s verbal behavior and the therapist’s responses to it. Important differences between the more and the less successful fragments involved the therapist's approval or disapproval of verbalizations that approximated therapeutic goals. These approvals and disapprovals were associated with increases and decreases, respectively, in the patient’s behavior. These results are consistent with the existence, in this particular case, of a process of shaping through which the therapist modifies the patient’s verbal behavior in the overall direction of his or her chosen therapeutic objectives
Google Scholar:Calero Elvira, Ana - Froján Parga, María Xesús - Ruiz Sancho, Elena María - Alpañés Freitag, Manuel
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