Effect of truncating AUC at 12, 24 and 48 hr when evaluating the bioequivalence of drugs with a Long Half-Life
EntityUAM. Departamento de Farmacología; Instituto de Investigación del Hospital de La Princesa (IP)
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc
10.1111/bcpt.12432Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology 118.1 (2016): 53 -7
ISSN1742-7835; 1742-7843 (on line)
Funded byThis study was partially funded by the Fundación Teófilo Hernando and Foundation for Biomedical Research at Hospital Universitario de La Princesa F Abad-Santos and D Ochoa have been consultants or investigators in clinical trials sponsored by the following pharmaceutical companies: Abbott, Alter, Chemo, Farmalíder, Ferrer, GlaxoSmithKline, Janssen-Cilag, Kern, Normon, Servier, Teva, and Zambon.
SubjectsDrugs; Truncating the AUC; Farmacia
NoteThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Basic an Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology 118.1 (2016): 53-7 which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcpt.12432. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."
Bioequivalence studies of drugs with a long half-life require long periods of time for pharmacokinetic sampling. The latest update of the European guideline allows the area under the curve (AUC) truncated at 72 hr to be used as an alternative to AUC0-t as the primary parameter. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of truncating the AUC at 48, 24 and 12 hr on the acceptance of the bioequivalence criterion as compared with truncation at 72 hr in bioequivalence trials. The effect of truncated AUC on the within-individual coefficient of variation (CVw) and on the ratio of the formulations was also analysed. Twenty-eight drugs were selected from bioequivalence trials. Pharmacokinetic data were analysed using WinNonLin 2.0 based on the trapezoidal method. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to obtain the ratios and 90% confidence intervals for AUC at different time-points. The degree of agreement of AUC0-72 in relation to AUC0-48 and AUC0-24, according to the Landis and Koch classification, was 'almost perfect'. Statistically significant differences were observed when the CVw of AUC truncated at 72, 48 and 24 hr was compared with the CVw of AUC0-12. There were no statistically significant differences in the AUC ratio at any time-point. Compared to AUC0-72, Pearson's correlation coefficient for mean AUC, AUC ratio and AUC CVw was worse for AUC0-12 than AUC0-24 or AUC0-48. These preliminary results could suggest that AUC truncation at 24 or 48 hr is adequate to determine whether two formulations are bioequivalent
Google Scholar:Moreno, Isabel - Ochoa Mazarro, María Dolores - Román, Manuel - Cabaleiro, Teresa - Abad Santos, Francisco
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