Hard convex lens-shaped particles: Densest-known packings and phase behavior
EntityUAM. Departamento de Física Teórica de la Materia Condensada
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Publising LLC
10.1063/1.4936938Journal of Chemical Physics 143.22 (2015): 224506
Funded byG.C. thanks the Government of Spain for the award of a Ramón y Cajal research fellowship and the financial support under the Grant No. FIS2013-47350-C5-1-R. S.T. was supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant Nos. DMR-0820341 and DMS-1211087
ProjectGobierno de España. FIS2013-47350-C5-1-R
Rights© 2015 AIP Publishing LLC
By using theoretical methods and Monte Carlo simulations, this work investigates dense ordered packings and equilibrium phase behavior (from the low-density isotropic fluid regime to the high-density crystalline solid regime) of monodisperse systems of hard convex lens-shaped particles as defined by the volume common to two intersecting congruent spheres. We show that, while the overall similarity of their shape to that of hard oblate ellipsoids is reflected in a qualitatively similar phase diagram, differences are more pronounced in the high-density crystal phase up to the densest-known packings determined here. In contrast to those non-(Bravais)-lattice two-particle basis crystals that are the densest-known packings of hard (oblate) ellipsoids, hard convex lens-shaped particles pack more densely in two types of degenerate crystalline structures: (i) non-(Bravais)-lattice two-particle basis body-centered-orthorhombic-like crystals and (ii) (Bravais) lattice monoclinic crystals. By stacking at will, regularly or irregularly, laminae of these two crystals, infinitely degenerate, generally non-periodic in the stacking direction, dense packings can be constructed that are consistent with recent organizing principles. While deferring the assessment of which of these dense ordered structures is thermodynamically stable in the high-density crystalline solid regime, the degeneracy of their densest-known packings strongly suggests that colloidal convex lens-shaped particles could be better glass formers than colloidal spheres because of the additional rotational degrees of freedom
Google Scholar:Cinacchi, Giorgio - Torquato, S.
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