Factors associated to clinical learning in nursing students in primary health care: An analytical cross-sectional study
EntityUAM. Departamento de Cirugía
PublisherUniversidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
10.1590/1518-8345.0327.2803Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem 24 (2016): e2803
ISSN0104-1169 (print); 1518-8345 (online)
SubjectsMentors; Nursing; Nursing education research; Primary health care; Students; Medicina
Rights© 2016 Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem.
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Objective: to identify the students’ perception about the quality of clinical placements and asses the influence of the different tutoring processes in clinical learning. Methods: analytical crosssectional study on second and third year nursing students (n=122) about clinical learning in primary health care. The Clinical Placement Evaluation Tool and a synthetic index of attitudes and skills were computed to give scores to the clinical learning (scale 0-10). Univariate, bivariate and multivariate (multiple linear regression) analyses were performed. Results: the response rate was 91.8%. The most commonly identified tutoring process was “preceptor-professor” (45.2%). The clinical placement was assessed as “optimal” by 55.1%, relationship with team-preceptor was considered good by 80.4% of the cases and the average grade for clinical learning was 7.89. The multiple linear regression model with more explanatory capacity included the variables “Academic year” (beta coefficient = 1.042 for third-year students), “Primary Health Care Area (PHC)” (beta coefficient = 0.308 for Area B) and “Clinical placement perception” (beta coefficient = - 0.204 for a suboptimal perception). Conclusions: timeframe within the academic program, location and clinical placement perception were associated with students’ clinical learning. Students’ perceptions of setting quality were positive and a good team-preceptor relationship is a matter of relevance.
Google Scholar:Serrano Gallardo, María del Pilar - Martínez Marcos, María Mercedes - Espejo-Matorrales, Flora - Arakawa, Tiemi - Magnabosco, Gabriela Tavares - Pinto, Ione Carvalho
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