Combined impact of traditional and non-traditional healthy behaviors on health-related quality of Life: A prospective study in older adults
EntityUAM. Departamento de Educación Física, Deporte y Motricidad Humana; UAM. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública y Microbiología
PublisherPublic Library of Science
10.1371/journal.pone.0170513Plos One 12.1 (2017): e0170513
Funded byThis work was funded by FIS grants 09/ 1626, PI12/1166 and PI13/0288 (State Secretary of R+D and FEDER/FSE) grants, by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness DEP2013-47786-R grant and by the Cátedra UAM de Epidemiología y Control del Riesgo
ProjectGobierno de España. DEP2013-47786-R
Subjectsadult; confidence interval; healthy diet; prospective study; Medicina
Rights© 2017 Bayán-Bravo et al.
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.Combined exposure to several healthy behaviors (HB) is associated with reduced mortality in older adults but its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL) is uncertain. This is a cohort study of 2,388 individuals aged ≥60 recruited in 2000-2001, whose data were updated in 2003 and 2009. At baseline, participants reported both traditional HB (non-smoking, being very or moderately active, healthy diet) and non-traditional HB (sleeping 7-8 h/d, being seated <8 h/d, and seeing friends every day). HRQL was measured with the SF-36 questionnaire at baseline, in 2003 (short-term) and in 2009 (long-term); a higher score on the SF-36 represents better HRQL. Linear regression models were used to assess the association between HB at baseline and HRQL in 2003 and 2009, with adjustment for the main confounders including baseline HRQL. In the short-term, being physically active, sleeping 7-8 h/d, and being seated <8 h/d was associated with better HRQL. Compared to having ≤1 of these HB, the β (95% confidence interval) for the score on the physical component summary of the SF-36 in 2003 was 1.42 (0.52-2.33) for 2 HB, and 2.06 (1.09-3.03) for 3 HB, p-trend <0.001. Corresponding figures for the mental component summary score were 1.89 (0.58-3.21) for 2 HB and 3.35 (1.95-4.76) for 3 HB, p-trend <0.001. Non-smoking, a healthy diet or seeing friends did not show an association with HRQL. In the long-term, being physically active was the only HB associated with better physical HRQL. As a conclusion, a greater number of HB, particularly more physical activity, adequate sleep duration, and sitting less, were associated with better short-term HRQL in older adults. However, in the long-term, being physically active was the only HB associated with better physical HRQL
Google Scholar:Bayán Bravo, Ana - Pérez-Tasigchana, Raúl F. - Sayón-Orea, Carmen - Martínez-Gómez, David - López-García, Esther - Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando - Guallar-Castillón, Pilar
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