Abstractness leads people to base their behavioral intentions on desired attitudes
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología
10.1016/j.jesp.2016.12.004Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 70 (2017): 27–33
ISSN0022-1031 (print); 1096-0465 (online)
Funded byThis work was supported by MINECO (PSI 2014-53321-P)
ProjectGobierno de España. PSI2014-53321-P
SubjectsDesired attitudes; Construal level theory; Motivation; Abstraction; Behavioral intentions; Psicología
Rights© 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
People sometimes want attitudes that differ from the ones they currently possess. These desired attitudes appear to be psychologically meaningful, but little is known about the properties of these evaluations. Because desired attitudes are hypothetical constructs (i.e., attitudes that one does not yet possess) and are distant in time (i.e., attitudes one could have in the future), we argued, based on construal level theory, that they should be represented in a relatively abstract manner, and consequently, we examined the implications of this abstractness for the characteristics and impact of desired attitudes. Consistent with this, we demonstrate that people perceive desired attitudes as more invariant across time and context, that desired attitudes are less impacted by changes in low-level features related to the attitude object (Study 1a and 1b) and that desired attitudes have a greater impact on behavioral intentions when people are in an abstract rather than concrete mindset (Studies 2–3). Although we did not make specific predictions regarding actual attitudes, they better predicted behavioral intentions in the concrete mindset (Studies 2–3). This last result should be taken with caution, considering that the level of abstraction shown by actual attitudes in Study 1a was at or slightly above the midpoint of our abstraction index
Google Scholar:Carrera, Pilar - Caballero, Amparo - Fernández, Itziar - Muñoz Cáceres, María Dolores
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