Absorption refrigeration cycles based on ionic liquids: Refrigerant/absorbent selection by thermodynamic and process analysis
EntityUAM. Departamento de Química Física Aplicada
10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.01.034Applied Energy 213 (2018): 179-194
Funded byThe authors are grateful to Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid for the Project S2013/MAE-2800 and to Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO) of Spain for financial support of Project CTQ2017-89441-R. Marcos Larriba also thanks MINECO for awarding him a Juan de la Cierva-Formación Contract (Reference FJCI-2015-25343).
ProjectComunidad de Madrid. S2013/MAE-2800/LIQUORGAS; Gobierno de España. CTQ2017-89441-R
SubjectsRefrigeration; Absorption; Ionic Liquids; COSMO-RS; Aspen HYSYS; Física; Química
Rights© 2018 Elsevier
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
A COSMO-based/Aspen HYSYS methodology has been used to perform an extensive thermodynamic evaluation of potential application of ionic liquids (ILs) to absorption refrigeration cycles. By applying this a priori methodology, 7200 systems, formed by 900 ILs and 8 refrigerants, representative of available commercial/cation and refrigerant, were evaluated, which would be otherwise unviable due to the lack of experimental data. Firstly, COSMO-RS analysis was carried out for the preliminary selection of suitable ILs as absorbents for each refrigerant, by means of predicted values of Henry’s Law constants of refrigerants in ILs. Selected ILs were then introduced in Aspen HYSYS simulator database by using the molecular information by COSMO-RS method. The reliability of COSMO-based/Aspen HYSYS calculations was successfully validated by comparison to available experimental data (>2700 points) of pure and mixture properties of absorbent-refrigerant systems. Then, the performance of selected ILs (and other proposed in the bibliography) in absorption refrigeration cycles was evaluated by process simulations (>230 refrigerant/IL pairs studied at 60 different operating conditions) using COSMO-based/Aspen HYSYS methodology. Cycle efficiency was analyzed in terms of the coefficient of performance (COP), solution circulation ratio (f ratio) and the total mass flow pumped from the absorber to the generator, a new parameter proposed to compare the results obtained with different refrigerants. COSMO-based/Aspen HYSYS methodology allowed the selection of adequate refrigerant-absorbent pairs (refrigerant with high cooling capacities and IL with absorption capacity) competitive to conventional systems as H2O/LiBr or NH3/H2O. Furthermore, the analysis of operating condition effects by COSMO-based/Aspen HYSYS methodology allows selecting refrigerant/IL pairs with maximum efficiency in the cycle for a fixed cooling temperature, revealing additional advantage of the applications of IL in absorption refrigeration technologies.
Google Scholar:Moreno, Daniel - Ferro Fernández, Víctor Roberto - Riva, Juan de - Santiago Lorenzo, Rubén - Moya, Cristian - Larriba, Marcos - Palomar Herrero, José Francisco
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