Psychological profiling of triathlon and road cycling athletes
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud
10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00825Frontiers in Physiology 9 July (2018): Article 825
Funded byThis research was supported by ELIT-in “Integration of elite athletes into the labour market through the valorization of their transversal competences” (590520-EPP-1-2017-1-ES-SPO-SCP)
SubjectsMental skills; Motivation; Performance; Sport; Stress; Psicología
Rights© 2018 Olmedilla, Torres-Luque, García-Mas, Rubio, Ducoing and Ortega.
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Psychological characteristics of athletes play a key role in sport performance and may moderate and mediate the influence of technical, tactical, and physical abilities athletes show. Different authors have emphasized the special attention such psychological characteristics should receive considering the extent they can influence athletes' behavior either in training or in competition. This paper is aimed at describing the psychological profiles of two cycling sports: triathlon and road cycling. One hundred and twenty-nine male and female professional and amateur cycling athletes (35.74 years old average age ±12.79; 14.94 average number of years practicing cycling ±11.20) were assessed on different psychological characteristics. For that purpose, the Psychological Characteristics related to the Sport Performance (CPRD) Questionnaire and the Psychological Skills Inventory for Sports (PSIS) was used. Results showed significant differences among triathlon and road cyclists (Stress control = t116=-3.711, p = 0.000, d = 0.48 ; Influence of Performance Evaluation = t115=-3-115, p = 0.002, d = 0.49; Motivation = t124=-5.520, p = 0.000, d = 0.82; Mental Skills = t119=-4.985, p = 0.000, d = 1.02). There were no significant differences between men and women though there were differences among pros and amateur athletes. Triathlon professional, compared to amateurs, showed higher scores in all the psychological dimensions assessed (Stress control = t85= 3.005, p = 0.003, d = 1.07; Influence of Performance Evaluation = t83= 2.858, p = 0.005, 0.77; Motivation = t91= 2.721, p = 0.008, d = 0.26; Mental Skills = t87= 2.556, p = 0.012, d = 0.77). The results of this descriptive study contribute to establishing a model of optimal psychological profiling applied to the different cycling groups that can be used by sport psychologist, trainers, and coaches in order to promote peak performance of these athletes.
Google Scholar:Olmedilla, Aurelio - Torres-Luque, Gema - García-Mas, Alexandre - Rubio, Víctor J. - Ducoing, Eugenio - Ortega, Enrique
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