A bayesian approach to sport injuries likelihood: Does player’s self-efficacy and environmental factors plays the main role?
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud
10.3389/fpsyg.2018.0117Frontiers in Physiology 9 July (2018): Article 1174
Funded byThis research was supported by the Spanish MINECO (Grant PSI2011-27000); and by Murcia Regional Football Association’s Football Project (Grant FFRM-UMU-04 0092 321B 6450214704)
ProjectGobierno de España. PSI2011-27000
SubjectsInjuries likelihood; Psychological triggers and consequences; Self-efficacy; Sport injuries; Bayesian networks; Psicología
Rights© 2018 Olmedilla, Rubio, Fuster-Parra, Pujals and García-Mas
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
The psychological factors of sports injuries constitute a growing field of study, even from the point of view of the prediction of their occurrence. Most of them, however, do not take into account the likelihood of the injuries’ occurrence and the weight and role of the psychological variables on it. We conducted a study building up a Bayesian Network on a big sample of athletes, trying to assess these probabilistic links among several relevant psychological variables and the injuries’ occurrence. The sample was constituted by 297 athletes (239 males, 58 females) from a wide range of sports: track and field; judo; fencing; karate; boxing; swimming; kayaking; artistic rollerskating, and team sports as football, basketball, and handball (Mean age: 25.10 ± −3.87; range: 21–38 years). Several psychological variables, such as anxiety, social support, and selfefficacy were studied. Also, we recorded the history of injuries as well the body mass index and personal epidemiological data. The overall picture of the generated graph and Bayesian Network and its analysis – including the use of hypothetical data by means of several instantiations – includes the nuclear role of the Self-Efficacy regarding the injuries’ occurrence likelihood; the decreasing impact of the competitive anxiety previous to the injury; the probabilistic independence of the players’ risk behaviors, and the relevance of the environmental clues such the use of coping strategies and social support in order to build up a good level of Self-Efficacy after the occurrence of an injury. All these data are relevant when designing both preventive and recovery interventions from the multidisciplinary as well as from the psychological point of view
Google Scholar:Olmedilla, Aurelio - Rubio Franco, Víctor - Fuster-Parra, Pilar - Pujals, Constanza - García-Mas, Alexandre
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