Effect of activating agent on the properties of TiO2/activated carbon heterostructures for solar photocatalytic degradation of acetaminophen
EntityUAM. Departamento de Ingeniería Química
10.3390/ma12030378Materials 12.3 (2019): 378
Funded byThis research was funded by the financial support from Spanish MINECO (project CTQ2016-78576-R). M. Peñas-Garzón is indebted to Spanish MECD for FPU16/00576 predoctoral contract
ProjectGobierno de España. CTQ2016-78576-R
SubjectsAcetaminophen; Activating agent; Heterostructures; Lignin; Solar photocatalysis; TiO/activated carbon 2; Water purification; Química
Rights© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Several activated carbons (ACs) were prepared by chemical activation of lignin with different activating agents (FeCl 3 , ZnCl 2 , H 3 PO 4 and KOH) and used for synthesizing TiO 2 /activated carbon heterostructures. These heterostructures were obtained by the combination of the activated carbons with a titania precursor using a solvothermal treatment. The synthesized materials were fully characterized (Wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2 adsorption-desorption, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectra (UV-Vis DRS) and further used in the photodegradation of a target pharmaceutical compound (acetaminophen). All heterostructures were composed of anatase phase regardless of the activated carbon used, while the porous texture and surface chemistry depended on the chemical compound used to activate the lignin. Among all heterostructures studied, that obtained by FeCl 3 -activation yielded complete conversion of acetaminophen after 6 h of reaction under solar-simulated irradiation, also showing high conversion after successive cycles. Although the reaction rate was lower than the observed with bare TiO 2 , the heterostructure showed higher settling velocity, thus being considerably easier to recover from the reaction medium
Google Scholar:Peñas-Garzón, Manuel - Gómez Avilés, Almudena - Bedia García-Matamoros, Jorge - Rodriguez, Juan J. - Belver Coldeira, Carolina
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