Socioeconomic determinants of sarcopenic obesity and frail obesity in community-dwelling older adults: The Seniors-ENRICA Study
EntityUAM. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública y Microbiología
PublisherNature Publishing Group
10.1038/s41598-018-28982-xScientific Reports 8 (2018): 10760
Funded byData collection was funded by the following grants: PI13/0288; PI14/0009; PI16/01460; PI16/01512; and PI16/00609 (State Secretary of R+D and FEDER/FSE). BM-F was supported by a CIBERCV contract, RFP-T was supported by the National Government of Ecuador through the National Institution of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation-SENESCYT, and ML research activity is funded by Agencia Aragonesa para la Investigación y el Desarrollo (ARAID)
ProjectGobierno de España. PI13/0288; Gobierno de España. PI14/0009; Gobierno de España. PI16/01460; Gobierno de España. PI16/01512; Gobierno de España. PI16/00609
SubjectsSocioeconomic status; Sarcopenic obesity; Older adults; Seniors-ENRICA; Study in Spain; Medicina
Rights© 2018 The Author(s)
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Information on the association between socioeconomic status (SES) throughout life and sarcopenic obesity is scarce, whereas no study has been focused on the association between SES and frail obesity. This analysis estimated the prevalence of sarcopenic obesity and frail obesity, and their associations with SES in older adults. Data were collected in 2012 from 1,765 non-institutionalized individuals aged ≥65 participating in the Seniors-ENRICA study in Spain, by using standardized techniques and equipment. SES throughout life was evaluated with the father's occupation, participant's educational level, former own occupation, and current poor housing condition. Overall, 17.2% of participants had sarcopenic obesity, and 4.0% frail obesity. No association was found between SES and sarcopenic obesity. In contrast, the prevalence of frail obesity was higher in those with lower education, having worked in manual job, and currently having poor housing condition. Having ≥1 social disadvantages throughout life was associated with higher prevalence of frail obesity. The prevalence of this disorder increased by 1.49 (95% CI: 1.21-1.85) times for each social disadvantage added. The OR (95% CI) of frail obesity was 3.13 (1.71-5.7) for those having 3 or 4 vs. 0 or 1 social disadvantages, implying a more complex process beginning early in life.
Google Scholar:Moreno-Franco, Belén - Pérez-Tasigchana, Raúl F. - López-García, Esther - Laclaustra, Martín - Gutiérrez-Fisac, Juan L. - Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando - Guallar-Castillón, Pilar
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