Cavity Casimir-Polder Forces and Their Effects in Ground-State Chemical Reactivity
EntidadUAM. Departamento de Física Teórica de la Materia Condensada
EditorAmerican Physical Society
Fecha de edición2019-06-21
10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021057Physical Review X 9.2 (2019): 021057
Financiado porThis work has been funded by the European Research Council (ERC-2016-STG-714870) and the Spanish MINECO under Contract No. MAT2014-53432-C5-5-R and the “María de Maeztu” program for Units of Excellence in R&D (MDM-2014-0377), as well as through a Ramón y Cajal grant (J. F.)
ProyectoGobierno de España. MAT2014-53432-C5-5-R; Gobierno de España. MDM-2014-0377; info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/714870/EU//MMUSCLES
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021057
MateriasAtomic and Molecular Physics; Chemical Physics; Photonics; Cavity quantum electrodynamics; Chemical reactions; Polaritons; Organic microcavities; Quantum chemistry methods; Física
Derechos© 2019 authors. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Here, we present a fundamental study on how the ground-state chemical reactivity of a single molecule can be modified in a QED scenario, i.e., when it is placed inside a nanoscale cavity and there is strong coupling between the cavity field and vibrational modes within the molecule. We work with a model system for the molecule (Shin-Metiu model) in which nuclear, electronic, and photonic degrees of freedom are treated on the same footing. This simplified model allows the comparison of exact quantum reaction rate calculations with predictions emerging from transition state theory based on the cavity Born-Oppenheimer approach. We demonstrate that QED effects are indeed able to significantly modify activation barriers in chemical reactions and, as a consequence, reaction rates. The critical physical parameter controlling this effect is the permanent dipole of the molecule and how this magnitude changes along the reaction coordinate. We show that the effective coupling can lead to significant single-molecule energy shifts in an experimentally available nanoparticle-on-mirror cavity. We then apply the validated theory to a realistic case (internal rotation in the 1,2-dichloroethane molecule), showing how reactions can be inhibited or catalyzed depending on the profile of the molecular dipole. Furthermore, we discuss the absence of resonance effects in the present scenario, which can be understood through its connection to Casimir-Polder forces. Finally, we treat the case of many-molecule strong coupling and find collective modifications of reaction rates if the molecular permanent dipole moments are oriented with respect to the cavity field
Google Scholar:Galego, Javier - Climent, Clàudia - Garcia-Vidal, Francisco J. - Feist, Johannes
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