Degradation of widespread cyanotoxins with high impact in drinking water (microcystins, cylindrospermopsin, anatoxin-a and saxitoxin) by CWPO
EntityUAM. Departamento de Ingeniería Química; UAM. Departamento de Biología
10.1016/j.watres.2019.114853Water Research 163 (2019): 114853
Funded byThis research has been supported by the Spanish MINECO through the project CTM-2016-76454-R and by the CM through the project P2018/EMT-4341. M. Munoz thanks the Spanish MINECO for the Ramón y Cajal postdoctoral contract (RYC-2016-20648). J. Nieto-Sandoval thanks the Spanish MINECO for the FPI predoctoral grant (BES-2017-081346)
ProjectGobierno de España. CTM-2016-76454-R; Comunidad de Madrid. P2018/EMT-4341; Gobierno de España. RYC-2016-20648; Gobierno de España. BES-2017-081346
SubjectsAnatoxin-a; CWPO; Cyanotoxin; Cylindrospermopsin; Microcystin; Saxitoxin; Química
NoteThis Accepted Manuscript will be available for reuse under a CC BY-NC-ND license after 24 months of embargo period
Rights© 2019 Elsevier Ltd.
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
The occurrence of harmful cyanobacterial blooms has unabated increased over the last few decades, posing a significant risk for public health. In this work, we investigate the feasibility of catalytic wet peroxide oxidation (CWPO) promoted by modified natural magnetite (Fe3O4-R400/H2O2), as an inexpensive, simple-operation and environmentally-friendly process for the removal of the cyanotoxins that show the major impact on drinking water: microcystins (MC-LR and MC-RR), cylindrospermopsin (CYN), anatoxin-a (ATX) and saxitoxin (STX). The performance of the system was evaluated under ambient conditions and circumneutral pH (pH0 = 5) using relevant cyanotoxin concentrations (100–500 μg L−1). The nature of the cyanotoxins determined their reactivity towards CWPO, which decreased in the following order: MC-RR > CYN > MC-LR ≫ ATX > STX. In this sense, microcystins and CYN were completely removed in short reaction times (1–1.5 h) with a low catalyst concentration (0.2 g L−1) and the stoichiometric amount of H2O2 (2–2.6 mg L−1), while only 60–80% conversion was achieved with ATX and STX in 5 h. In these cases, an intensification of the operating conditions (1 g L−1 catalyst and up to 30 mg H2O2 L−1) was required to remove both toxins in 1 h. The impact of the main components of freshwaters i.e. natural organic matter (NOM) and several inorganic ions (HCO3−, HPO42-, SO42-) on the performance of the process was also investigated. Although the former led to a partial inhibition of the reaction due to HO· scavenging and catalyst coating, the latter did not show any remarkably effect, and the versatility of the process was finally confirmed in a real surface water. To further demonstrate the effectiveness of the catalytic system, the toxicity of both the initial cyanotoxins and the resulting CWPO effluents was measured with the brine shrimp Artemia salina. Remarkably, all CWPO effluents were non-toxic at the end of the treatment.
Google Scholar:Muñoz García, Macarena - Nieto-Sandoval, Julia - Cires Gómez, Samuel - Martínez de Pedro, Zahara - Quesada del Corral, Antonio - Casas de Pedro, José Antonio
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