Identifying past social-ecological thresholds to understand long-term temporal dynamics in Spain
EntityUAM. Departamento de Ecología
PublisherResilience Alliance Publications
10.5751/ES-10734-240210Ecology and Society 24.2 (2019): 10
Funded byThis work was supported by the Biodiversity Foundation (http://www.fundacion-biodiversidad.es/) of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Partial financial support was also provided by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain (project CGL2014-53782-P: ECOGRADIENTES). The Spanish National Institute for Agriculture and Food Research and Technology (INIA) funded Marina García-Llorente as part of the European Social Fund. Blanca González García-Mon participated in this article as a “la Caixa” Banking Foundation scholar. The funders had no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, preparation of the report, or the decision to submit the study for publication
ProjectGobierno de España. CGL2014-53782-P
SubjectsEcosystem service; Long-term analysis; Social-ecological thresholds; Spain; Temporal dynamics; Biología y Biomedicina / Biología
Rights© 2019 by the author(s)
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional.
A thorough understanding of long-term temporal social-ecological dynamics at the national scale helps to explain the current condition of a country’s ecosystems and to support environmental policies to tackle future sustainability challenges. We aimed to develop a methodological approach to understand past long-term (1960-2010) social-ecological dynamics in Spain. First, we developed a methodical framework that allowed us to explore complex social-ecological dynamics among biodiversity, ecosystem services, human well-being, drivers of change, and institutional responses. Second, we compiled 21 long-term, national-scale indicators and analyzed their temporal relationships through a redundancy analysis. Third, we used a Bayesian change point analysis to detect evidence of past social-ecological thresholds and historical time periods. Our results revealed that Spain has passed through four socialecological thresholds that define five different time periods of nature and society relationships. Finally, we discussed how the proposed methodological approach helps to reinterpret national-level ecosystem indicators through a new conceptual lens to develop a more systems-based way of understanding long-term social-ecological patterns and dynamics
Google Scholar:Santos-Martín, Fernando - García-Mon, Blanca González - González, José A. - Iniesta-Arandia, Irene - García-Llorente, Marina - Montes, Carlos - Ravera, Federica - López Santiago, César Agustín - Carpintero, Óscar - Benayas del Álamo, Fco. Javier - Martín-López, Berta
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