Recent changes in women’s Olympic shooting and effects in performance
EntityUAM. Departamento de Educación Física, Deporte y Motricidad Humana
PublisherPublic Library of Science
10.1371/journal.pone.0216390PLoS ONE 14.5 (2019): e0216390
SubjectsOlympic shooting; Number of women’s; European Championships; Equality in sports; Deportes
Rights© 2019 Mon-López et al.
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
In 2018, the Olympic shooting regulations were modified to increase the number of women’s shots from 40 to 60, equaling the number given to men. This research presented in this paper addresses two research issues: (1) has the performance of women’s shooting changed as a result of this increase in the number of shots? and (2) with the equalized number of shots in place, do women and men perform differently? This study included 292 shooters who competed in the 2016 and/or 2018 European Championships who all obtained top-50 results. Our sample included balanced quotas for sports (50% pistol and 50% rifle) and by category (50% women and 50% men). Both championships were held in the same facilities and in the same month of the season, but with the difference that in 2016, women had 40 shots and in 2018 they had 60 shots. We observed that women’s performances did not diminish for the pistol or the rifle category when their number of shots were increased. Men and women shot equally well with rifles, although the men’s performance with pistols was higher than that of women. We concluded that sports in which physical strength is a minor factor, as in the case of shooting, should revise their regulations in the interest of greater gender equality in sports
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