Associations between witnessing and perpetrating online hate in eight countries: The buffering effects of problem-focused coping
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud
PublisherMDPI, Basel, Switzerland
10.3390/ijerph16203992International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (2019): 3992
ISSN1661-7827 (print); 1660-4601 (online)
Funded byWe acknowledge the support of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and Open Access Publishing Fund of University of Potsdam
SubjectsOnline hate; Hate speech; Bystander; Perpetrator; Coping strategies; Cyber aggression; Psicología
Rights© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Online hate is a topic that has received considerable interest lately, as online hate represents a risk to self-determination and peaceful coexistence in societies around the globe. However, not much is known about the explanations for adolescents posting or forwarding hateful online material or how adolescents cope with this newly emerging online risk. Thus, we sought to better understand the relationship between a bystander to and perpetrator of online hate, and the moderating e ects of problem-focused coping strategies (e.g., assertive, technical coping) within this relationship. Self-report questionnaires on witnessing and committing online hate and assertive and technical coping were completed by 6829 adolescents between 12 and 18 years of age from eight countries. The results showed that increases in witnessing online hate were positively related to being a perpetrator of online hate. Assertive and technical coping strategies were negatively related with perpetrating online hate. Bystanders of online hate reported fewer instances of perpetrating online hate when they reported higher levels of assertive and technical coping strategies, and more frequent instances of perpetrating online hate when they reported lower levels of assertive and technical coping strategies. In conclusion, our findings suggest that, if e ective, prevention and intervention programs that target online hate should consider educating young people about problem-focused coping strategies, self-assertiveness, and media skills. Implications for future research are discussed
Google Scholar:Wachs, Sebastian - Wright, Michelle F. - Sittichai, Ruthaychonnee - Singh, Ritu - Biswal, Ramakrishna - Kim, Eun-mee - Yang, Soeun - Gámez-Guadix, Manuel - Almendros, Carmen - Flora, Katerina - Daskalou, Vassiliki - Maziridou, Evdoxia
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