Consensus on the clinical approach to moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis in Spain: A Delphi survey
EntityInstituto de Investigación Sanitaria Fundación Jiménez Díaz (IIS-FJD); UAM. Departamento de Medicina
10.1155/2020/1524293Dermatology Research and Practice 2020 (2020): 1524293
ISSN1687-6105 (print); 1687-6113 (online)
SubjectsAD; Delphi; Dermatologists; Allergologists; Spain; Severity of the disease; Treatment; Biomarkers; Medicina
Rights© 2020 Joaquín Sastre et al.
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Background. -e purpose of this study was to gather information on the current assessment and management of patients with moderate-to-severe AD in routine daily practice. Methods. A cross-sectional two-round Delphi survey with the participation of dermatologists and allergologists throughout Spain was conducted. -ey completed a 46-item questionnaire, and consensus was defined when responses of ≥80% of participants coincided in the categories of a 5-point Likert scale for that item. Results. A total of 105 specialists (aged 40–59 years) completed the two rounds. Participants agreed regarding the consideration of AD as a multifaceted disease and the differences in clinical presentation of AD according to the patient’s age. It is recommendable to perform a skin biopsy to exclude early stage T-cell cutaneous lymphoma, psoriasis, or dermatitis herpetiformis, among others (99.1%). Also, consensus was reached regarding the use of the SCORAD index to quantify the severity of the disease (86.7%), the use of wet wraps to increase the effect of topical corticosteroids (90.4%), the usefulness of proactive treatment during follow-up (85.6%) and tacrolimus ointment (91.2%) to reduce new flares, and the fact that crisaborole is not the treatment of choice for severe AD (92.4%). AD was not considered a contraindication for immunotherapy in patients with allergic respiratory diseases (92.4%). In patients with severe AD, the use of immune response modifier drugs (97.6%) or phototherapy (92.8%) does not sufficiently cover their treatment needs. Consensus was also obtained regarding the role of the new biologic drugs (93.6%) targeting cytokines involved in the -2 inflammatory pathway (92.0%) and the potential role of dupilumab as first-line treatment (90.4%) in moderate-to-severe AD patients. Conclusion. -is study contributes a reference framework to the care of AD patients. -ere is no diagnostic test or biomarkers to direct treatment or to assess the severity of the disease, and many therapeutic challenges remain
Google Scholar:Sastre Domínguez, Joaquín - Serra Baldrich, Esther - Armario Hita, José Carlos - Herráez, L. - Jáuregui, Ignacio - Martín-Santiago, Ana - Ortiz de Frutos, Javier - Siñvestre, Juan Francisco - Valero, Antonio
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