Fluctuations and correlations in soft matter surfaces
Title (trans.)Fluctuaciones y correlaciones en superficies de materia blanda
EntityUAM. Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada
SubjectsDinámica molecular - Interfase líquido-vapor - Fluctuaciones - Tesis doctorales; Física
NoteTesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada. Fecha de lectura: 16-10-2020
Esta tesis tiene embargado el acceso al texto completo hasta el 16-04-2022
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
A liquid-vapor interface is the region of the space where coexists the liquid and vapor phase of a given element or molecule. The liquid-vapor interface can be described as a fluctuating bidimensional region (a surface) or a quasibidimensional region, and both points of view have associated a magnitude that characterizes both of them, the surface tension. Historically, these different visions gave birth to the theories known nowadays as: Capillary Wave Theory (bidimensional vision) and Density Functional Theory, whose precursors were Madlestam and van der Waals respectively. Both theories were developed in parallel and despite the effort and the work performed to connect them, their link has been puzzling and is not clear yet. In the first part of this thesis, we will focus on how to connect both descriptions through the magnitude that relate them, which is a generalized version of the surface tension that describes the interface at the mesoscopic level. We will obtain this magnitude by dfferent routes to ensure that it is well defined for each system, something questioned recently. And we will study different systems which could be described as "interfaces", such as: 2D suspended material (chapter 3), liquid-vapor interfaces (chapters 4 and 6) and lipid bilayers (chapter 5). In chapter 1, we will introduce the topic and the previous state of art, and in chapter 2 the theoretical techniques developed in this thesis to analyze 2D suspended materials and liquid-vapor interfaces. In the second part of this thesis, we will analyze, within the DFT, the novel experimental technique 3D-AFM, which allows to scan a fluid in contact with a solid surface (substrate) and allows to measure the influence of the fluid on the movement of the tip. This influence is observed in the AFM observables, from which we can obtain the normal force (respect to the substrate) over the tip at each position. This normal force should be related to the structure of the fluid close to the substrate, but since it is a recent technique the way to connect them is not yet clear. For this reason along chapters 7- 9 we will analyze this system from a theoretical point of view and we will obtain some predictions, that we will check with experiments in chapter 10. The last part is a direct collaboration with an experimental group, they observed a huge enhancement in the water adsorption isotherm of a novel composite (MOF@COF), which should be regarded as a complex network of interconnected pores. In chapter 11, we will analyze the adsorption isotherms, we will hypothesize a cooperative effect and we will check (theoretically) if this effect takes place under the experimental conditions
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Texto de la Tesis Doctoral
Google Scholar:Hernández Muñoz, José
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