Automatic information search for countering covid-19 misinformation through semantic similarity
EntityUAM. Departamento de Ingeniería Informática
SubjectsNatural Language Processing; Machine Learning; Deep Learning; Informática
NoteTrabajo Fin de Máster en Bioinformática y Biología Computacional
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
Information quality in social media is an increasingly important issue and misinformation problem has become even more critical in the current COVID-19 pandemic, leading people exposed to false and potentially harmful claims and rumours. Civil society organizations, such as the World Health Organization, have demanded a global call for action to promote access to health information and mitigate harm from health misinformation. Consequently, this project pursues countering the spread of COVID-19 infodemic and its potential health hazards. In this work, we give an overall view of models and methods that have been employed in the NLP field from its foundations to the latest state-of-the-art approaches. Focusing on deep learning methods, we propose applying multilingual Transformer models based on siamese networks, also called bi-encoders, combined with ensemble and PCA dimensionality reduction techniques. The goal is to counter COVID-19 misinformation by analyzing the semantic similarity between a claim and tweets from a collection gathered from official fact-checkers verified by the International Fact-Checking Network of the Poynter Institute. It is factual that the number of Internet users increases every year and the language spoken determines access to information online. For this reason, we give a special effort in the application of multilingual models to tackle misinformation across the globe. Regarding semantic similarity, we firstly evaluate these multilingual ensemble models and improve the result in the STS-Benchmark compared to monolingual and single models. Secondly, we enhance the interpretability of the models’ performance through the SentEval toolkit. Lastly, we compare these models’ performance against biomedical models in TREC-COVID task round 1 using the BM25 Okapi ranking method as the baseline. Moreover, we are interested in understanding the ins and outs of misinformation. For that purpose, we extend interpretability using machine learning and deep learning approaches for sentiment analysis and topic modelling. Finally, we developed a dashboard to ease visualization of the results. In our view, the results obtained in this project constitute an excellent initial step toward incorporating multilingualism and will assist researchers and people in countering COVID-19 misinformation.
Google Scholar:Huertas García, Álvaro
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