Prejudice drives exogenous attention to outgroups
EntidadUAM. Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud
EditorOxford University Press
Fecha de edición2020-06-26
10.1093/scan/nsaa087Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 15.6 (2020): 615-624
Financiado porThis work was supported by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Spain (PGC2018-093570-B-I00); the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/Comunidad de Madrid, Spain (2017- T2/SOC-5569); the Comunidad de Madrid (HUM19-HUM5705, SI1-PJI-2019-00011); and by the Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, Spain (FPU13/06512
ProyectoGobierno de España. PGC2018-093570-B-I00; Comunidad de Madrid. 2017-T2/SOC-5569; Comunidad de Madrid. HUM19-HUM5705; Comunidad de Madrid. SI1-PJI-2019-00011; Gobierno de España. FPU13/06512
Versión del editorhttp://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsaa087
MateriasEthnic outgroup; Exogenous attention; Habituation; Implicit prejudice; N170; Psicología
Derechos© 2020 The Authors
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional.
Exogenous attention allows the automatic detection of relevant stimuli and the reorientation of our current focus of attention towards them. Faces from an ethnic outgroup tend to capture exogenous attention to a greater extent than faces from an ethnic ingroup. We explored whether prejudice toward the outgroup, rather than lack of familiarity, is driving this effect. Participants (N= 76) performed a digit categorization task while distractor faces were presented. Faces belonged to (i) a prejudiced outgroup, (ii) a non-prejudiced outgroup and (iii) their ingroup. Half of the faces were previously habituated in order to increase their familiarity. Reaction times, accuracy and event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded to index exogenous attention to distractor faces. Additionally, different indexes of explicit and implicit prejudice were measured, the latter being significantly greater towards prejudiced outgroup. N170 amplitude was greater to prejudiced outgroup—regardless of their habituation status—than to both non-prejudiced outgroup and ingroup faces and was associated with implicit prejudice measures. No effects were observed at the behavioral level. Our results show that implicit prejudice, rather than familiarity, is under the observed attention-related N170 effects and that this ERP component may be more sensitive to prejudice than behavioral measures under certain circumstances.
Google Scholar:Giménez-Fernández, Tamara - Kessel, Dominique - Fernández-Folgueiras, Uxía - Fondevila, Sabela - Méndez-Bértolo, Constantino - Aceves, Nayamin - García-Rubio, María José - Carretié, Luis
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