Psychological well-being among older adults during the COVID-19 outbreak: A comparative study of the young-old and the old-old adults
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Básica
PublisherInternational Psychogeriatric Association
10.1017/S1041610220000964International Psychogeriatrics 32.11 (2020): 1365-1370
Subjectscrisis; eudaimonia; older adults; personal growth; personal strengths; purpose in life; stress; well-being; Psicología
Rights© 2020 International Psychogeriatric Association
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
The COVID-19 outbreak could be considered as an uncontrollable stressful life event. Lockdown measures have provoked a disruption of daily life with a great impact over older adults' health and well-being. Nevertheless, eudaimonic well-being plays a protective role in confronting adverse circumstances, such as the COVID-19 situation. This study aims to assess the association between age and psychological well-being (personal growth and purpose in life). Young-old (60-70 years) and old-old (71-80 years) community-dwelling Spaniards (N = 878) completed a survey and reported on their sociodemographic characteristics and their levels of health, COVID-19 stress-related, appraisal, and personal resources. Old-old did not evidence poorer psychological well-being than young-old. Age has only a negative impact on personal growth. The results also suggest that the nature of the COVID-19 impact (except for the loss of a loved one) may not be as relevant for the older adults' well-being as their appraisals and personal resources for managing COVID-related problems. In addition, these results suggest that some sociodemographic and health-related variables have an impact on older adults' well-being. Thus, perceived-health, family functioning, resilience, gratitude, and acceptance had significant associations with both personal growth and purpose in life. Efforts to address older adults' psychological well-being focusing on older adults' personal resources should be considered.
Google Scholar:López, J. - Perez-Rojo, G. - Noriega, C. - Carretero, I. - Velasco, C. - Martinez-Huertas, J. A. - López-Frutos, P. - Galarraga, L.
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Pérez-Rojo, Gema; López, Javier; Noriega, Cristina; Martínez-Huertas, José Ángel; Velasco, Cristina; Carretero, Isabel; López-Frutos, Patricia; Galarraga, Leyre; Pillemer, Karl