Understanding the quality of local vineyard soils in distinct viticultural areas: a case study in Alcubillas (La Mancha, central Spain)
EntityUAM. Departamento de Geología y Geoquímica
10.3390/agriculture10030066Agriculture 10.3 (2020): 66
Funded byThis research was funded by “Denominación de origen Valdepeñas” (denomination of origen), grant number UCTR180065
SubjectsAlcubillas (La Mancha); Ecological systems; Petrocalcic horizons; Red soils; Soil mapping; Terroir; Viticulture; Geología; Química
Rights© 2020 by the authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
The essential features of the soils of a pilot zone in La Mancha (Central Spain), namely the Alcubillas municipability, have been characterized. The soil properties that may contribute to a better understanding of the impact of soil on grape production have also, been evaluated. For this, several soil profiles have been described and analyzed and the profiles have been mapped. The soils are mainly Entisols, Inceptisols and Alfisols, with their evolution controlled by the action of a xerophytic Mediterranean climate. Most of these soils have a loamy clay texture, with medium clay contents and sufficient nutrient contents (despite the low content in organic matter 1.39% and 1.04%, and the high concentrations of calcium carbonate 23.7% and 26.9% in the surface and subsurface horizons, respectively). Drainage problems were not observed and it can therefore be stated that the Alcubillas vineyards are based on a ‘terroir’ term for the production of high quality grapes. In general, the soils are not subjected to treatments to control possible diseases or pests and we have therefore postulated that the soils represent the ideal scenario to establish a distinctive zone and for the increasingly valued ecological and natural viticulture
Google Scholar:Jiménez Ballesta, Raimundo - Bravo, Sandra - Amorós, José Ángel - Pérez de los Reyes, Caridad - García Pradas, Jesús - García Navarro, Francisco J.
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