Immuno-priming durvalumab with bevacizumab in HER2-negative advanced breast cancer: a pilot clinical trial
AuthorQuintela Fandiño, Miguel Ángel; Holgado, Esther; Manso, Luis; Morales, Serafin; Bermejo, Begoña; Colomer Bosch, Ramón; Apala, Juan V.; Blanco, Raquel; Muñoz, Manuel; Caleiras, Eduardo; Iranzo, Vega; Martinez, Mario; Dominguez, Orlando; Hornedo, Javier; Gonzalez-Cortijo, Lucia; Cortes, Javier; Gasol Cudos, Ariadna; Malon, Diego; Lopez-Alonso, Antonio; Moreno-Ortíz, María C.; Mouron, Silvana; Mañes, Santos
EntityUAM. Departamento de Medicina
10.1186/s13058-020-01362-yBreast Cancer Research 22.1 (2020): 124
Funded byMQF is a recipient of the following grants: AES - PI16/00354 funded by the ISCIII and co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and B2017/BMD3733 (Immunothercan-CM) - Call for Coordinated Research Groups from Madrid Region - Madrid Regional Government - ERDF funds. SM is a recipient of the following grants: Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO) (SAF2017-83732-R; AEI/FEDER, EU) and co-funded by Comunidad de Madrid (B2017/BMD3733; Immunothercan-CM). RC is a recipient RC is a recipient of the ISCIII grants PIE15/00068 and PI17/01865. The study was also funded by CRIS Contra el Cancer Foundation and Astra Zeneca Spain. Astra Zeneca Spain provided durvalumab
ProjectGobierno de España. PI16/00354; Gobierno de España. B2017/BMD3733; Gobierno de España. PIE15/00068; Gobierno de España. PI17/01865
SubjectsBevacizumab; Durvalumab; HER2-negative breast cancer; Immuno-priming; Vascular normalization; Medicina
Rights© 2020 The authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Background: Preclinical research suggests that the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors in breast cancer can be enhanced by combining them with antiangiogenics, particularly in a sequential fashion. We sought to explore the efficacy and biomarkers of combining the anti-PD-L1 durvalumab plus the antiangiogenic bevacizumab after bevacizumab monotherapy for advanced HER2-negative breast cancer. Methods: Patients had advanced HER2-negative disease that progressed while receiving single-agent bevacizumab maintenance as a part of a previous chemotherapy plus bevacizumab regimen. Treatment consisted of bi-weekly durvalumab plus bevacizumab (10 mg/kg each i.v.). Peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained before the first durvalumab dose and every 4 weeks and immunophenotyped by flow-cytometry. A fresh pre-durvalumab tumor biopsy was obtained; gene-expression studies and immunohistochemical staining to assess vascular normalization and characterize the immune infiltrate were conducted. Patients were classified as “non-progressors” if they had clinical benefit (SD/PR/CR) at 4 months. The co-primary endpoints were the changes in the percentage T cell subpopulations in PBMCs in progressors versus non-progressors, and PFS/OS time. Results: Twenty-six patients were accrued. Median PFS and OS were 3.5 and 11 months; a trend for a longer OS was detected for the hormone-positive subset (19.8 versus 7.4 months in triple-negatives; P = 0.11). Clinical benefit rate at 2 and 4 months was 60% and 44%, respectively, without significant differences between hormone-positive and triple-negative (P = 0.73). Non-progressors’ tumors displayed vascular normalization features as a result of previous bevacizumab, compared with generally abnormal patterns observed in progressors. Non-progressors also showed increased T-effector and T-memory signatures and decreased TREG signatures in gene expression studies in baseline—post-bevacizumab—tumors compared with progressors. Notably, analysis of PBMC populations before durvalumab treatment was concordant with the findings in tumor samples and showed a decreased percentage of circulating TREGs in non-progressors. Conclusions: This study reporting on sequential bevacizumab+durvalumab in breast cancer showed encouraging activity in a heavily pre-treated cohort. The correlative studies agree with the preclinical rationale supporting an immunopriming effect exerted by antiangiogenic treatment, probably by reducing TREGs cells both systemically and in tumor tissue. The magnitude of this benefit should be addressed in a randomized setting. Trial registration: (www.clinicaltrials.gov): NCT02802098. Registered on June 16, 2020.
Google Scholar:Quintela Fandiño, Miguel Ángel - Holgado, Esther - Manso, Luis - Morales, Serafin - Bermejo, Begoña - Colomer Bosch, Ramón - Apala, Juan V. - Blanco, Raquel - Muñoz, Manuel - Caleiras, Eduardo - Iranzo, Vega - Martinez, Mario - Dominguez, Orlando - Hornedo, Javier - Gonzalez-Cortijo, Lucia - Cortes, Javier - Gasol Cudos, Ariadna - Malon, Diego - Lopez-Alonso, Antonio - Moreno-Ortíz, María C. - Mouron, Silvana - Mañes, Santos
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