An assessment of Pleurotus ostreatus to remove sulfonamides, and its role as a biofilter based on its own spent mushroom substrate
EntityUAM. Departamento de Geología y Geoquímica; UAM. Departamento de Química Agrícola
10.1007/s11356-020-11078-3Environmental Science and Pollution Research 28.6 (2021): 7032-7042
ISSN0944-1344 (print); 1614-7499 (online)
Funded byThis work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Innovation of Spain (Project AGL2016-78490-R)
ProjectGobierno de España. AGL2016-78490-R
SubjectsAdsorption; Antibiotics; Biodegradation; Emerging pollutants; Fungi; Laccase; Wastewater; Geología; Química
Rights® 2020 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
A double strategy based on the removal of sulfonamide antibiotics by Pleurotus ostreatus and adsorption on spent mushroom substrate was assessed to reclaim contaminated wastewater. P. ostreatus was firstly tested in a liquid medium fortified with five sulfonamides: sulfamethoxazole, sulfadiazine, sulfathiazole, sulfapyridine and sulfamethazine, to evaluate its capacity to remove them and to test for any adverse effects on fungal growth and for any reduction in residual antibiotic activity. P. ostreatus was effective in removing sulfonamides up to 83 to 91% of the applied doses over 14 days. The antibiotic activity of the sulfonamide residues was reduced by 50%. Sulfamethoxazole transformation products by laccase were identified, and the degradation pathway was proposed. In addition, P. ostreatus growth on a semi-solid medium of spent mushroom substrate and malt extract agar was used to develop a biofilter for the removal of sulfonamides from real wastewater. The biofilter was able to remove more than 90% of the sulfonamide concentrations over 24 h by combining adsorption and biodegradation mechanisms.
Google Scholar:Mayans, Begoña - Camacho-Arévalo, Raquel - García-Delgado, Carlos - Antón-Herrero, Rafael - Escolástico, Consuelo - Segura, María Luz - Eymar Alonso, Enrique
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