The development of selective stopping: qualitative and quantitative changes from childhood to early adulthood
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Básica; UAM. Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud; UAM. Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología
10.1111/desc.13210Developmental Science (2021): 13210
Funded byThis work was supported by grants PSI2017-84922-R (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO, Spain) and SI1/PJI/2019-00061 (Comunidad de Madrid, Spain; V PRICIT)
ProjectGobierno de España. PSI2017-84922-R; Comunidad de Madrid. SI1/PJI/2019-00061
Subjectscognitive control; development; response inhibition; selective stopping; SSRT; strategies; Psicología
Rights© 2021 The Authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Although progress has been made in elucidating the behavioral and neural development of global stopping across the lifespan, little is known about the development of selective stopping. This more complex form of inhibitory control is required in real-world situations where ongoing responses must be inhibited to certain stimuli but not others, and can be assessed in laboratory settings using a stimulus selective stopping task. Here we used this task to investigate the qualitative and quantitative developmental changes in selective stopping in a large-scale cross-sectional study with three different age groups (children, preadolescents, and young adults). We found that the ability to stop a response selectively to some stimuli (i.e., use a selective strategy) rather than non-selectively to all presented stimuli (i.e., use a global, non-selective strategy) is fully mature by early preadolescence, and remains stable afterwards at least until young adulthood. By contrast, the efficiency or speed of stopping (indexed by a shorter stop-signal reaction time or SSRT) continues to mature throughout adolescence until young adulthood, both for global and selective implementations of stopping. We also provide some preliminary findings regarding which other task variables beyond the strategy and SSRT predicted age group status. Premature responding (an index of “waiting impulsivity”) and post-ignore slowing (an index of cognitive control) were among the most relevant predictors in discriminating between developmental age groups. Although present results need to be confirmed and extended in longitudinal studies, they provide new insights into the development of a relevant form of inhibitory control
Google Scholar:Albert, Jacobo - Rincón-Pérez, Irene - Sánchez-Carmona, Alberto J. - Arroyo-Lozano, Susana - Olmos Albacete, Ricardo - Hinojosa, José A. - Fernández-Jaén, Alberto - López Martín, Sara
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