Do individuals' attitudes toward immigrants affect their own health? Analysis of 15 European countries
EntityUAM. Departamento de Análisis Económico, Teoría Económica e Historia Económica
PublisherOxford University Press
10.1093/eurpub/ckab212European Journal Of Public Health 32.2 (2021): 220-225
ISSN1101-1262 (print); 1464-360X (online)
SubjectsAttitude; Immigrants; Economía
Rights© The Author(s)
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Background: Hostility toward others is related to negative emotions, which is hypothesized to have negative health consequences. In this article, we sought to test the relationship between individuals' attitudes toward immigrants and their self-rated health (SRH) across time in large dataset of 15 European countries. Methods: We used the 2010, 2012, 2014 and 2016 waves of the European Social Survey, which include information about attitudes toward immigrants and individuals' SRH. Results: Combining all countries and survey years, we found an association between negative attitudes toward immigrants and fair/poor SRH. However, when analyzing the relationship within each country, we found variations (depending on the year of the survey) in some countries, such as Hungary, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Slovenia. Additionally, we found that there are more middle class individuals who hold unfavorable attitudes toward immigrants over time. Conclusions: In general, poor attitudes toward immigrants are associated with higher odds of reporting fair/poor health, although the 'health advantage' of those with favorable attitudes is diminishing over time. However, in some countries, this relationship is contingent on when the survey was conducted, possibly reflecting the changing composition of individuals who hold unfavorable attitudes toward immigrants.
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