The job demands and resources related to COVID-19 in predicting emotional exhaustion and secondary traumatic stress among health professionals in Spain
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
10.3389/fpsyg.2021.564036Frontiers In Psychology 12 (2021): 564036
Funded byThis project was supported by the FPI-UAM 2017 fellowship of Autonomous University of Madrid and the I+D+I National Project of Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (PID2019- 106368GB-I00) AEI/10.13039/501100011033
ProjectGobierno de España. PID2019-106368GB-I00) AEI/10.13039/501100011033
Subjectschallenge; COVID-19 crisis; emotional exhaustion; health professionals; job demands; job resources; secondary traumatic stress; Psicología
Rights© 2021 The Authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
The current COVID-19 crisis may have an impact on the mental health of professionals working on the frontline, especially healthcare workers due to the increase of occupational psychosocial risks, such as emotional exhaustion and secondary traumatic stress (STS). This study explored job demands and resources during the COVID-19 crisis in predicting emotional exhaustion and STS among health professionals. The present study is a descriptive and correlational cross-sectional design, conducted in different hospitals and health centers in Spain. The sample consisted of 221 health professionals with direct involvement in treating COVID-19. An online survey was created and distributed nationwide from March 20 to April 15 which assessed: sociodemographic and occupational data, fear of contagion, contact with death/suffering, lack of material and human protection resources (MHRP), challenge, emotional exhaustion, and STS. Descriptive findings show high levels of workload, contact with death/suffering, lack of MHPR and challenge, and are moderately high for fear of contagion, emotional exhaustion, and STS. We found an indirect significant effect of lack of MHPR on predicting (1) emotional exhaustion through the workload and (2) on STS through fear of contagion, contact with death/suffering, and workload. To conclude, this study examines the immediate consequences of the crisis on health professionals' well-being in Spain, emphasizing the job demands related to COVID-19 that health professionals are facing, and the resources available in these health contexts. These findings may boost follow-up of this crisis among health professionals to prevent them from long-term consequences
Google Scholar:Moreno Jiménez, Jennifer Elena - Blanco Donoso, Luis Manuel - Chico-Fernández, Mario - Belda Hofheinz, Sylvia - Moreno-Jiménez, Bernardo - Garrosa Hernández, Eva
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