Self-transcendent emotions and their social effects: Awe, elevation and kama muta promote a human identification and motivations to help others
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
10.3389/fpsyg.2021.709859Frontiers In Psychology 12 (2021): 709859
Funded byThis research was supported by grants given to the research team Culture, Cognition and Emotion (Psicología Social CCE), by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Grants PSI2017-84145-P and PID2020-115738GB-I00), the Basque Government (Grant IT-1187-19), and a post doc grant from the UPV/EHU to the JP (DOCBERRI 20/23)
ProjectGobierno de España. PSI2017-84145-P; Gobierno de España. PID2020-115738GB-I00
Subjectsawe; collective action; elevation; human identification; Kama Muta; self-transcendent emotions; Psicología
Rights© 2021 The Authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Abundant literature shows the effects of negative emotions on motivations to engage in collective action (i.e., to collectively mobilize personal resources to achieve a common objective), as well as their influence on the creation of shared identities. In this proposal, we focus on the possible role of Self-Transcendent Emotions (STEs) defined as positive-valence emotions that have been key in the creation and maintenance of collective identities, as well as in promoting individuals well-being. In detail, we examine their influence in (a) strengthening a global identification, (b) increasing willingness to collectively help others, and (c) improving people’s wellbeing. For this reason, we conducted a preliminary literature review of k = 65 independent studies on the effects of STEs on connection to others. Through this review (fully available in Supplementary Materials), we selected a sample of STEs (Awe, Elevation, and Kama Muta) and elicitors to conduct a video-base study. In it, 1,064 university students from 3 different cultural regions (from Spain and Ecuador) were randomized to answer one of three STE scales (i.e., each measuring one of the selected STEs), and evaluate three videos in random order (i.e., each prototypical for the selected STEs). Participants also answered a measure of global identification and intentions to collectively help others (after each video), as well as self-transcendent and well-being (at the end of the survey). Results from SEM analyses show these STEs motivated a fusion of identity with all humanity, as well as collective intentions to help others, even controlling for individuals’ value orientations. In addition, the three of them indirectly increased participants’ well-being through a higher global identity. While there are differences among them, these three STEs share common elements and their effects are constant across the different cultural regions. It is concluded that Awe, Elevation, and Kama Muta, even individually experienced, have a significant potential to influence people’s behavior. Specifically, in various forms of collective action aimed at helping others
Google Scholar:Pizarro, José J. - Basabe, Nekane - Fernández, Itziar - Carrera Levillain, Pilar - Apodaca, Pedro - Man Ging, Carlos I. - Cusi, Olaia - Páez, Darío
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