Menstrual cycle and exogenous attention toward emotional expressions
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud
CitationHormones and Behavior 146 (2022): 105259
Funded byThis research was supported by Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion ´ y Universidades of Spain (Grant no. PID2021-124420NB-100) and Comunidad de Madrid (Grants no. HUM19-HUM5705 and SI1-PJI-2019- 00011) in collaboration with the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Grant no. 2017-T2/SOC-5569)
ProjectGobierno de España. PID2021-124420NB-100; Comunidad de Madrid. HUM19-HUM5705; Comunidad de Madrid. SI1-PJI-2019- 00011
SubjectsExogenous attention; Menstrual cycle; Emotion; ERP; Premenstrual syndrome; Psicología
Rights© 2022 The Authors
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
Several studies suggest that the menstrual cycle affects emotional processing. However, these results may be biased by including women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in the samples. PMS is characterized by negative emotional symptomatology, such as depression and/or anxiety, during the luteal phase. This study aimed to explore the modulation of exogenous attention to emotional facial expressions as a function of the menstrual cycle in women without PMS. For this purpose, 55 women were selected (from an original volunteer sample of 790) according to rigorous exclusion criteria. Happy, angry, and neutral faces were presented as distractors, while both behavioral performance in a perceptual task and event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded. This task was applied during both phases of the menstrual cycle (luteal and follicular, counterbalanced), and premenstrual symptomatology was monitored daily. Traditional and Bayesian ANOVAs on behavioral data (reaction times and errors in the task) and ERP indices (P1, N170, N2, and LPP amplitudes) confirmed the expected lack of an interaction of phase and emotion. Taken together, these results indicate that women free of PMS present steady exogenous attention levels to emotionally positive and negative stimuli regardless of the menstrual phase
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Google Scholar:Álvarez Sánchez, Fátima - Fernández Folgueiras, Uxía - Méndez Bértolo, Constantino - Kessel, Dominique - Carretie Arangüena, Luis
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