Evolution of physical function, cognition, depressive mood, and quality of life during the Covid-19 pandemic in prefrail elderly people: A longitudinal cohort study (Covid-Mefap)
EntityUAM. Departamento de Medicina
10.1016/j.exger.2022.111946Experimental Gerontology 168 (2022): 111946
Funded byThis study has been partially funded by the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII) (project ref.: PI17/01887) and co-funded by the European Union. The study also received funds from the Foundation for Biosanitary Research and Innovation in Primary Care (FIIBAP) and the Regional Health Ministry of the Community of Madrid through non-refundable grants from the credits awarded to the Community of Madrid by the Spanish Government Fund COVID-19, included in Law HAC/667/2020. The funders had no role in the study design or decision to publish this article
ProjectGobierno de España. PI17/01887
SubjectsCognitive function; COVID-19; Mood; Physical function; Prefrail elderly; Quality of life; Medicina
Rights© 2022 The Authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact on the living habits and health of the population, notably in the pre-frail elderly. This study aimed to study the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the physical function, mental function (cognition and mood), and quality of life of pre-frail elderly individuals over 70 years of age following confinement as well as to analyze the variables associated with the observed changes. Methods: Observational study of a cohort of pre-frail community-dwelling older adults over 70 years of age during the COVID-19 pandemic conducted in primary care. Variables: The main outcome variables were recorded during face-to-face interviews between December 14 of 2020 and August 12 of 2021 using scales for the evaluation of physical function (Short Physical Performance Battery), cognition (Lobo's Mini-Examen Cognoscitivo), depressive mood (Geriatric Depression Scale), and quality of life (EuroQol-5D-3L). Covariates: sociodemographic data and variables related to the pandemic and general health (social support network, COVID-19 infection, exercising, and leisure activities) were also collected. Analysis: The Student's t-test for paired samples and multivariate linear regression models were employed for the statistical analyses. Results: Ninety-two subjects were included in the study. Physical function, cognition, and depressive mood improved during the pandemic, whereas no changes were observed in quality of life. Suffering from COVID-19 was associated with deterioration of the cognitive function (−1.460; CI95%: −2.710 to −0.211). Conclusion: Confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic was not associated with a decline in physical function, cognition, depressive mood, or quality of life in pre-frail individuals over 70 years of age
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Google Scholar:Castell Alcalá, María Victoria - Rodríguez Barrientos, Ricardo - Polentinos Castro, Elena - Moreno Caballero, Bárbara - Morales Tejera, David - Plans Beriso, Elena - Gutiérrez Misis, Alicia
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