Plant-based diets and risk of frailty in community-dwelling older adults: the Seniors-ENRICA-1 cohort
EntityUAM. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública y Microbiología
10.1007/s11357-022-00614-3GeroScience (2022): 1-12
ISSN2509-2715 (print); 2509-2723 (online)
Funded byOpen Access funding provided thanks to the CRUE-CSIC agreement with Springer Nature. This work was supported by the Institute of Health Carlos III; the Secretary of R+D+I; the European Regional Development Fund/European Social Fund (FIS grant numbers 19/319, 20/896, FI29/00162 to MDV); the National Plan on Drugs (grant number 2020/17); Fundación Soria Melguizo (MITOFUN project); Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (grant number RYC 2018- 02069I to MSP); Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (FPI contract to ACC). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript
SubjectsDiet quality; Elderly; Healthy aging; Physical impairment; Pro-vegetarian pattern; Medicina
Rights© The Author(s) 2022
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that leads to increased risk of hospitalization, disability, and death. The effect of plant-based diets defined by the quality of their plant foods is unclear. Our objective is to study the association between two plant-based diet indices and the occurrence of frailty among community-dwelling older adults in Spain. We analyzed data from 1880 individuals aged ≥ 60 years from the Spanish Seniors ENRICA-1 cohort. We used a validated diet history to build two indices: (a) the healthful Plant-based Diet Index (hPDI) where healthy plant foods received positive scores, whereas less-healthy plant foods and animal foods received reverse scores; and (b) the unhealthful Plant-based Diet Index (uPDI), with positive scores to less-healthy plant foods and reverse scores to animal and healthy plant foods. Incident frailty was defined with the Fried phenotype. Study associations were summarized with odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) obtained from multivariable logistic models. After 3.3 years of follow-up, 136 incident frailty cases were ascertained. Comparing the highest vs. the lowest tertile of adherence, the OR [95% CI] for frailty was 0.43 (0.25–0.74; p-trend =.003) for the hPDI, and 2.89 (1.73–4.84; p-trend <.001) for the uPDI. Higher consumption of healthy plant foods was inversely associated with frailty (0.39 [0.23–0.66; p-trend < 0.001]); higher consumption of unhealthy plant foods was associated with higher frailty risk (2.40 [1.23–4.71; p-trend =.01]). In older adults, the hPDI was associated with lower risk of frailty, while the opposite was found for the uPDI
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Google Scholar:Maroto Rodríguez, Javier - Delgado Velandia, Mario Alejandro - Ortola Vidal, María Del Rosario - Carballo Casla, Adrián - García García-Esquinas, Esther - Rodríguez Artalejo, Fernando - Sotos Prieto, Mercedes
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