Adsorption of emerging pollutants on lignin-based activated carbon: Analysis of adsorption mechanism via characterization, kinetics and equilibrium studies
EntityUAM. Departamento de Ingeniería Química
10.1016/j.cej.2022.139399Chemical Engineering Journal 452 (2023): 139399
SubjectsAcetaminophen; Acetamiprid; Activated carbon; Adsorption; Química
Rights© 2022 The Author(s)
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
Lignin has been employed as a precursor to synthesize activated carbons with the aim of lignin-biomass revalorization. The properties of these activated carbons were compared, and the best adsorbent was employed to remove two emerging pollutants from water, acetaminophen and acetamiprid. The adsorption mechanisms of pharmaceutical and pesticide compounds were analyzed, modeled and interpreted via statistical physics models. In particular, adsorption kinetics and isotherms of acetaminophen and acetamiprid at temperatures between 20 and 60 ◦C were quantified experimentally. Equilibrium data were fitted to different statistical physics-based isotherm models to establish the corresponding adsorption mechanism. A double layer adsorption model with one type of functional group was the best to correlate and explain the removal of these organic molecules. Steric parameters for the adsorption of these organic compounds were also calculated thus determining that their adsorption was multi-molecular. At tested operating conditions, acetaminophen adsorption was endothermic, while acetamiprid removal was exothermic. Physical adsorption forces were expected to be responsible for the removal of both compounds. This study reports new insights on the adsorption mechanisms of relevant emerging pollutants commonly found in water worldwide
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Google Scholar:Sellaoui, L. - Gómez Avilés, Almudena - Dhaouadi, D. - Bedia García-Matamoros, Jorge - Bonilla Petriciolet, A. - Rtimi, S. - Belver Coldeira, Carolina
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