Energy loss after daily role stress and work incivility: caring for oneself with emotional wellness
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud
10.1007/s10902-022-00570-xJournal of Happiness Studies (2022): 1-31
ISSN1389-4978 (print); 1573-7780 (online)
Funded byThis research was supported by a project from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (PSI2015-68011-R). Open Access funding provided thanks to the CRUE-CSIC agreement with Springer Nature
ProjectGobierno de España. PSI2015-68011-R
SubjectsDaily study; Role stress; Work incivility; Optimism; Recovery; Energy; Psicología
Rights© The Author(s) 2022
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
The present study seeks to build on burnout research by examining daily fuctuations of role stress and work incivility, and their impact on employees’ energy loss. Optimism and recovery (i.e., psychological detachment and relaxation), two mechanisms that allow workers’ self-care and self-defence from these toxic conditions when faced by these job stressors, were included. In a daily study, 117 service sector workers completed surveys three times a day, over a period of one working week. Hierarchical linear modeling revealed work incivility as predictor of daily emotional exhaustion. Optimism and recovery play diferent roles in protecting workers from daily energy loss. Daily optimism increased employees’energy and decreased emotional exhaustion and negative afect at night. It also moderated the relationship between work incivility and positive afect at night. The results on psychological detachment supported the stressor-detachment model (Sonnentag, 2010), in which psychological detachment from work during nonworking time is not only a direct predictor of increased energy, but could similarly bufer the negative impact of role stress and work incivility. Relaxation basically showed main efects in predicting emotional exhaustion (inversely) and positive afect (directly). Our fndings suggest two main implications: (1) the necessity for implemention of workplace policies to prevent role stress and work incivility in reducing daily loss of energy. (2) Training workers in self-care programmes focusing on optimism and recovery can provide early steps toward organizational change and employee daily well-being
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Google Scholar:Garrosa Hernández, Eva - Blanco Donoso, Luis Manuel - Moreno Jiménez, Jennifer Elena - McGrath, Eugenia - Cooper Thomas, Helena D. - Ladstätter, Félix
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