Biological well-being during the “economic miracle” in Spain: Height, weight and body mass index of conscripts in the city of Madrid, 1955–1974
EntityUAM. Departamento de Biología
10.3390/ijerph182412885International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18.24 (2021): 12885
ISSN1660-4601 (online); 1661-7827 (print)
ProjectGobierno de España. HAR2016-76814-C2-2-P
SubjectsBody Mass; Cohort Analysis; Malnutrition; Obesity; Weight; Biología y Biomedicina / Biología
Rights© 2021 by the authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Typifying historical populations using anthropometric indicators such as height, BMI and weight allows for an analysis of the prevalence of obesity and malnutrition. This study evaluates secular changes in height, weight and body mass for men cohorts at 21 years old, born between 1934 and 1954 who were called up between 1955 and 1974, in the city of Madrid, Spain. In this study we prove the hypothesis that anthropometric variables increase thanks to improvement in diet and significant investments in hygiene and health infrastructure during the 1960s. The results of our analysis show a positive secular change in the trends for height (an increase of 4.67 cm), weight (6.400 kg) and BMI (0.90 Kg/m2 ), the result of a recovery in standards of living following the war and the autarchy of the 1940s. We also observed a slight trend towards obesity and a reduction in underweight categories at the end of the period is also observed. In conclusion, the secular trends of anthropometric variables in the city of Madrid reflect the recovery of living standards after the deterioration of the nutritional status suffered during the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939) and the deprivation of the autarchic period
Google Scholar:Sánchez-García, Elena - Martinez-Carrión, José Miguel - Terán, Jose Manuel - Varea González, Carlos María - Varea González, Carlos María
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