Addition of olive leaf extract to a mixture of algae and extra virgin olive oils decreases fatty acid oxidation and synergically attenuates age-induced hypertension, sarcopenia and insulin resistance in rats
EntityUAM. Departamento de Fisiología
10.3390/antiox10071066Antioxidants 10.7 (2021): 1066
Funded byThis project was funded by the call “Doctorados Industriales 2017” (IND2017/BIO7701), a grant from the Community of Madrid (Spain). This program aims to promote the effective collaboration between universities and companies and provides funding for both the development of the research project in the university and the company and to hire a Ph.D. student (Daniel González- Hedström) for three years by the company (Pharmactive Biotech Products S.L.). The Community of Madrid also funded the contract of María de la Fuente-Fernández through the Youth Employment Program (PEJ-2018-AI/SAL-11315)
ProjectComunidad de Madrid. IND2017/BIO7701
SubjectsAging; Algae oil; Cardiovascular; Endothelial dysfunction; Extra virgin olive oil; Hypertension; Inflammation; Insulin resistance; Olive leaf extract; Omega 3 fatty acids; Oxidative stress; Medicina
Rights© 2021 by the authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Olive-derived products, such as virgin olive oil (EVOO) and/or olive leaf extracts (OLE), exert anti-inflammatory, insulin-sensitizing and antihypertensive properties and may be useful for stabilizing omega 3 fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) due to their high content in antioxidant compounds. In this study, the addition of OLE 4:0.15 (w/w) to a mixture of algae oil (AO) rich in n-3 PUFA and EVOO (25:75, w/w) prevents peroxides formation after 12 months of storage at 30◦C. Furthermore, the treatment with the oil mixture (2.5 mL/Kg) and OLE (100 mg/Kg) for 24 month old Wistar rats in 21 days improved the lipid profile, increased the HOMA-IR and decreased the serum levels of miRNAs 21 and 146a. Treatment with this new nutraceutical also prevented age-induced insulin resistance in the liver, gastrocnemius and visceral adipose tissue by decreasing the mRNA levels of inflammatory and oxidative stress markers. Oil mixture + OLE also attenuated the age-induced alterations in vascular function and prevented muscle loss by decreasing the expression of sarcopenia-related markers. In conclusion, treatment with a new nutraceutical based on a mixture of EVOO, AO and OLE is a useful strategy for improving the stability of n-3 PUFA in the final product and to attenuate the cardiometabolic and muscular disorders associated with aging.
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Google Scholar:González-Hedström, Daniel - de la Fuente-Fernández, María - Priego, Teresa - Martín, Ana Isabel - Amor, Sara - López-Calderón, Asunción - Inarejos-García, Antonio Manuel - García-Villalón, Ángel Luís - Granado García, Miriam
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