Ostensive gestures come first: Their role in the beginning of shared reference
EntityUAM. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación
10.1016/j.cogdev.2015.09.005Cognitive Development 36 (2015): 142-149
SubjectsOstensive gestures; Pointing gestures; Shared reference; Object uses; Early Semiotic development; Psicología
Rights© 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
In developmental psychology pointing gestures are widely accepted as the gesture that par excellence allows shared reference (Cyrulnik, 2002; Liszkowski, Carpenter, Striano, & Tomasello, 2006), and as the basic form of gestural reference (Leavens, Hopkins & Bard, 2008; Pika, 2008). However, in semiotics, it is ostensive gestures that are considered to be the first instance of active signification, that is, gestures where an object occupies a prominent place as an instrument of communication (Eco, 1976). In this paper, coming from the pragmatics of the object perspective (Rodríguez & Moro, 1998), we argue that it is not pointing but ostensive gestures that come first. Specifically, we argue that: (1) osten- sive gestures are gestures; (2) a developmental understanding of gestures suggests that children understand and produce ostensive gestures before pointing gestures, and adults produce ostensive gestures with objects in a shared space with the child at a very early age long before pointing gestures; (3) a theoretical and pragmatic conceptualization of objects beyond their “physical” level is required. Objects are cultural products with public func- tions; as a consequence, objects are also powerful instruments of communication between people, especially during the first years of life, and not simply the setting that surrounds the communicative event. Finally, we discuss the implications of these notions for devel- opmental psychology, going beyond the declarative and imperative functions. We discuss three new functions of ostensive gestures: (1) for oneself with an exploratory and/or con- templative function, (2) private with a self-regulatory function in order to solve a problem, and (3) to another with an interrogative function
Google Scholar:Rodríguez Garrido, María Cintia - Moreno Núñez, Ana Rocío - Basilio, Marisol - Sosa, Noelia
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