Qualitative methodologies for the analysis of intra-urban socio-environmental vulnerability in Barcelona (Spain): case studies
EntityUAM. Departamento de Geografía
10.3390/urbansci2040116Urban Science 2 (2018): 116
Funded byThis research has been funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain, within the framework of the Research Project “Air pollution, vulnerable populations and health: analysis of environmental injustices based on geotechnologies” (Ref CSO2014-55535-R).
ProjectGobierno de España. CSO2014-55535-R
SubjectsSocio-environmental vulnerability; Barcelona; Spatial analysis; Qualitative methodology; Vulnerable neighborhoods; Geografía
Rights© 2018 by the Authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
The city of Barcelona, like other cities in the world, suffers strong internal socio-economic inequalities in its neighborhoods. Numerous works have sought to detect, quantify, characterize, and/or map existing intra-urban differences, almost always based on quantitative methodologies. With this contribution, we intend to show the importance that qualitative methodologies can play in studies on urban socio-environmental vulnerability. We consider aspects that are not quantifiable but that may be inherent to many such vulnerable spaces, both in the constructed environment and in the social ambit. These questions are considered through selected neighborhoods of Barcelona which have been shown (in prior works, mainly studies of quantitative manufacturing) to possess elements of vulnerability including a high presence of immigrants from less-developed countries, low per capita income, aging populations, or low educational levels. The results reveal the multidimensionality of vulnerability in the neighborhoods analyzed, as well as the essential complementarity among methodologies that detect and support possible public actions aimed at reducing or eliminating intra-urban inequalities
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