Recycled wastewater as a potential source of microplastics in irrigated soils from an arid-insular territory (Fuerteventura, Spain)
EntityUAM. Departamento de Biología
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.152830Science of the Total Environment 817 (2022): 152830
ISSN0048-9697 (print); 1879-1026 (online)
ProjectGobierno de España. AGL2013-46054-R; Gobierno de España. PID2020-112867GB-I00; Gobierno de España. PID2020-113769RB-C21/22
SubjectsAgricultural soil; Fourier transform infrared microscopy; Irrigation; Microplastics; Recycled wastewater; Biología y Biomedicina / Biología
Rights© 2022 The Authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
In this work, the occurrence of microplastics (MPs) in irrigation recycled wastewaters (RWWs) and a desalinated brackish water (DBW) from the arid territory of Fuerteventura (Canary Islands, Spain) was studied. Besides, the presence of MPs in two types of soils (sandy-loam and clay-loamy; with no mulch film or fertilization with sewage sludge applied) irrigated with both water qualities was addressed. Results showed the prevalence presence of cellulosic and polyester microfibers (between 84.4 and 100%) of blue and transparent colors (up to 55.6 and 33.3%, respectively), with an average length of 786.9 ± 812.1 μm in the water samples. DBW had the lowest MP concentration (2.0 ± 2.0 items·L−1) while RWW showed concentrations up to 40.0 ± 19.0 items·L−1. Similarities were also observed between the MPs types and sizes found in both soils top layer (0–5 cm), with an average concentration three times greater in soil irrigated with RWW than in soil under DBW irrigation (159 ± 338 vs. 46 ± 92 items·kg−1, respectively). In addition, no MPs were extracted from non-irrigated/non-cultivated soils, suggesting agricultural activities as the unique source of MPs in soils of this arid area. Results show that RWWs constitute a potential source of MPs in irrigated soils that should be considered among other pros and cons linked to the use of this water quality in agricultural arid lands
Google Scholar:Pérez-Reverón, Raquel - González-Sálamo, Javier - Hernández-Sánchez, Cintia - González Pleiter, Miguel - Hernández-Borges, Javier - Díaz-Peña, Francisco J.
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