Microplastics in sediments of artificially recharged lagoons: case study in a Biosphere Reserve
EntityUAM. Departamento de Biología
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138824Science of the Total Environment 729 (2020): 138824
ISSN0048-9697 (print); 1879-1026 (online)
ProjectGobierno de España. CTM2016-74927-C2-1-R; Gobierno de España. CTM2016-74927-C2-2-R
SubjectsFTIR; Microplastics; OPLS-DA; Sediments; Wastewater; Wetlands; Biología y Biomedicina / Biología
Rights© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
We studied the occurrence of microplastics in sediments of artificially and non-artificially recharged lagoons from the network of endorheic wetlands called “La Mancha Húmeda”, declared Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. The particles sampled in this study covered the 25 μm–5 mm range. Films were the dominant microplastic typology in non-artificially recharged lagoons, while fibres and fragments were more abundant in those receiving wastewater. The concentration of microplastics in sediments reached up to 24.4 ± 5.2 microplastics/g, while plastic litter counts yielded <1 particle/g in non-wastewater receiving lagoons. Eleven types of plastic were identified using Micro-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (micro-FTIR), the most abundant being the polyolefins polyethylene and polypropylene, and polyester and acrylic fibres. The statistical analysis of FTIR spectra confirmed the similarity between samples taken from recharged lagoons and wastewater treatment plant effluents. Overall, our results showed that endorheic lagoons are very sensitive to the accumulation of persistent pollutants, which include microplastics. The recharge of lagoons with wastewater effluents to maintain water levels, even if correctly treated according to current standards, is not a sustainable practice. Due to the closed character of endorheic basins, the continuous input of wastewater led to the accumulation of microplastics in sediments of wastewater receiving lagoons up to 40 times over non-recharged lagoons
Google Scholar:Edo, Carlos - González Pleiter, Miguel - Tamayo-Belda, Miguel - Ortega-Ojeda, Fernando E. - Leganés Nieto, Francisco - Fernández Piñas, Francisca - Rosal, Roberto
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