Selective CO2/CH4 Separation by Fixed-Bed Technology Using Encapsulated Ionic Liquids
EntityUAM. Departamento de Ingeniería Química
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
10.1021/acssuschemeng.2c02504ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 10.42 (2022): 13917–13926
Funded byThe authors are grateful to Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación of Spain (projects PID2020-118259RB-I00 and PDC2021- 120881-I00) and Comunidad de Madrid (project P2018/ EMT4348) for financial support and Centro de Computación Científica de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid for computational facilities
ProjectGobierno de España. PDC2021- 120881-I00
SubjectsCarbon capsule; CO /CH separation 2 4; CO capture 2; Encapsulated ionic liquid; Fixed-bed; Química
Rights© 2022 American Chemical Society
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
The performance of encapsulated ionic liquid (ENIL) sorbents has been experimentally evaluated in CO2/CH4 separation by means of gravimetric and fixed-bed measurements. Six ionic liquids (ILs) with CO2 chemical absorption ([Emim][Acetate], [Bmim][Acetate], [P66614][CNPyr], [Bmim][GLY], [Bmim][MET], and [Bmim]- [PRO]) were selected for the selective separation of CO2 from CH4. ENIL materials were prepared by encapsulation of these ILs in synthesized carbon submicrocapsules, achieving a ∼70% in mass of IL. Fixed-bed experiments of CO2 capture were carried out to evaluate the CO2/CH4 separation performance of prepared ENIL materials at different CO2 partial pressures and 303 K. Both thermodynamics and kinetics of CO2 sorption were analyzed. The experimental CO2 and CH4 isotherms in ENIL materials obtained from fixed-bed experiments were successfully compared to those obtained by reliable gravimetric tests and fitted to the Langmuir− Freundlich equilibrium model. In addition, experimental CO2 breakthrough curves were well-described by the linear driving force and Yoon and Nelson kinetic models, providing sorption rate constants. ENIL sorbents show high CO2 uptake capacity, comparable to conventional adsorbents, but with drastically higher selectivity, in concordance with the negligible CH4 solubility in ILs at the used operating conditions, with acetate-based ENIL materials being the best sorbents in thermodynamic terms. The obtained kinetic parameters revealed that the CO2 chemical sorption with ENIL materials overcomes the IL mass transfer limitations. The sorption rates are faster than those obtained with ENIL using IL physical absorbents and seem to be controlled by the reaction kinetics. The [P66614][CNPyrr]-based ENIL is found to be the most promising material, combining favorable kinetic and thermodynamic considerations for future development of CO2/CH4 separation using fixed-bed technology
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Google Scholar:Lemus Torres, Jesús - Paramio, C. - Hospital Benito, D. - Moya, C. - Santiago Lorenzo, Rubén - Palomar Herrero, José Francisco
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