Association between a Mediterranean lifestyle and growth differentiation factor 15: The seniors ENRICA-2 cohort
EntityUAM. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública y Microbiología
10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2022.12.090Free Radical Biology and Medicine 195 (2023): 192-198
ISSN0891-5849 (print); 1873-4596 (online)
Funded byThis work was supported by the Institute of Health Carlos III; the Secretary of R+D+I; the European Regional Development Fund/European Social Fund (FIS grants 19/319, 20/00896); the National Plan on Drugs (grant 2020/17); Fundacion ´ Soria Melguizo (MITOFUN project); Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (RYC 2018-02069I to MSP); Universidad Autonoma ´ de Madrid (FPI contract to JMR); FACINGLCOVID-CM project, Funding REACT EU Program (Comunidad de Madrid, European Regional Development Fund). Reagents for measuring Growth Differentiation Factor 15 have been provided by Roche Diagnostics International through a Research Agreement with the FUAM (Fundacion ´ de la Universidad Autonoma ´ de Madrid). The funding agencies had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, interpretation of results, manuscript preparation or the decision to submit this manuscript for publication
SubjectsBiomarkers; Diet index; Inflammaging; Physical activity; Medicina
Rights© 2022 The Authors
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
Background: Growth Differentiation Factor 15 (GDF-15) is a marker of inflammation and oxidative stress that has been associated with multiple age-related chronic diseases. Since lifestyle is key for preventing these adverse health outcomes, we examined the association between a Mediterranean lifestyle and GDF-15 serum concentrations in Spanish older adults. Methods: We used cross-sectional data from 2502 older adults participating in the Seniors ENRICA-2 cohort. Adherence to the Mediterranean lifestyle was assessed with the 27-item MEDLIFE index, divided into three blocks: 1) “Mediterranean food consumption, 2) Mediterranean dietary habits, 3) Physical activity, rest, social habits, and conviviality”. Analyses of the association between the MEFLIFE index and GDF-15 concentrations were performed using multivariable linear regression models adjusting for the main potential confounders. Results: The MEDLIFE index was inversely associated with GDF-15. Compared with participants in the lowest quartile of the MEDLIFE score, GDF-15 mean percentage differences (95% CI) were − 3.0% (− 8.0, 2.3) for the second quartile, − 8.7% (− 13.0, − 4.1) for the third quartile, and − 10.1% (− 15.0, − 4.9) for the fourth quartile (ptrend<0.001). Block 3 of MEDLIFE, and particularly doing sufficient physical activity, adequate sleep duration, and participating in collective sports, was individually linked to lower concentrations of GDF-15. Results remained similar after excluding participants with cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, or obesity. Conclusions: A Mediterranean lifestyle was associated with reduced levels of GDF-15, suggesting that a combination of multiple lifestyles may be an integral approach to reduce chronic inflammation and disease burden in older adults
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Google Scholar:Sotos Prieto, Mercedes - Maroto Rodríguez, Javier - Ortola Vidal, María Del Rosario - Martínez Gómez, David - García García-Esquinas, Esther - Buño Soto, Antonio - Rodríguez Artalejo, Fernando
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