Understanding the influence of socioeconomic variables on medicinal plant knowledge in the Peruvian Andes
EntityUAM. Departamento de Biología
10.3390/plants11202681Plants 11.20 (2022): 2681
ProjectGobierno de España. CGL2016-75414-P
SubjectsEthnobotany; Traditional Knowledge; Medicinal Plant; Biología y Biomedicina / Biología
Rights© 2022 by the authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
In this study, we analyze the impact of 18 socioeconomic factors at individual, family, and locality levels to understand their influence on medicinal plant knowledge (MPK) in four provinces and 12 localities of the northern Andes of Peru. We interviewed 50 participants per locality (totaling 600 people) from lowlands and highlands ecoregions. The participants were balanced in terms of generations and gender. We performed multivariate statistical analyses—generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs) and nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) ordinations—that showed the influence of each socioeconomic variable on the medicinal plant knowledge of people in the different sites. At the individual level, we found that most participants with higher MPK were women, elders, people with lower levels of education and job qualifications, non-migrants, and participants who have lived for a long period in the same region. At the family level, we found that participants living in low economic conditions with few material goods, including their means of transport, tools possession, access to technology, farm size, number of farm animals, and house quality, had higher MPK. At the locality level, we found that people living in more isolated areas with scarce regional services, such as access to paved roads, hospitals, big markets, tourist development, and chlorination of drinking water, had higher MPK. In short, people with less access to modern services and with low economic resources are the main depositaries of MPK. Policy makers and decision makers should consider the significance of MPK in alleviating health problems and diseases in Andean regions, especially for people with rural livelihoods. This local botanical knowledge of medicinal plants should be preserved in the area as a great natural heritage for humanity
Google Scholar:Corroto, Fernando - Gamarra Torres, Oscar Andrés - Macía Barco, Manuel Juan
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.