Microbial colonizers of microplastics in an Arctic freshwater lake
EntityUAM. Departamento de Biología
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148640Science of the Total Environment 795 (2021): 148640
ISSN0048-9697 (print); 1879-1026 (online)
ProjectGobierno de España. CTM2016-74927-C2-1-R; Gobierno de España. CTM2016-74927-C2-2-R; Gobierno de España. PCIN-2016-001
SubjectsMicroplastics; Plastisphere; Arctic Freshwater Lake; Microbial Assemblages; Antibiotic Resistance Genes; Biología y Biomedicina / Biología
Rights© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
Microplastics (MPs) have been found everywhere as they are easily transported between environmental compartments. Through their transport, MPs are quickly colonized by microorganisms; this microbial community is known as the plastisphere. Here, we characterized the plastisphere of three MPs, one biodegradable (PHB) and two non-biodegradables (HDPE and LDPE), deployed in an Arctic freshwater lake for eleven days. The plastisphere was found to be complex, confirming that about a third of microbial colonizers were viable. Plastisphere was compared to microbial communities on the surrounding water and microbial mats on rocks at the bottom of the lake. Microbial mats followed by MPs showed the highest diversity regarding both prokaryotes and eukaryotes as compared to water samples; however, for fungi, MPs showed the highest diversity of the tested substrates. Significant differences on microbial assemblages on the three tested substrates were found; regarding microbial assemblages on MPs, bacterial genera found in polar environments such as Mycoplana, Erythromicrobium and Rhodoferax with species able to metabolize recalcitrant chemicals were abundant. Eukaryotic communities on MPs were characterized by the presence of ciliates of the genera Stentor, Vorticella and Uroleptus and the algae Cryptomonas, Chlamydomonas, Tetraselmis and Epipyxis. These ciliates normally feed on algae so that the complexity of these assemblages may serve to unravel trophic relationships between co-existing taxa. Regarding fungal communities on MPs, the most abundant genera were Betamyces, Cryptococcus, Arrhenia and Paranamyces. MPs, particularly HDPE, were enriched in the sulI and ermB antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) which may raise concerns about human health–related issues as ARGs may be transferred horizontally between bacteria. This study highlights the importance of proper waste management and clean-up protocols to protect the environmental health of pristine environments such as polar regions in a context of global dissemination of MPs which may co-transport microorganisms, some of them including ARGs
Google Scholar:González-Pleiter, Miguel - Velázquez, David - Casero, María Cristina - Tytgat, Bjorn - Verleyen, Elie - Leganés Nieto, Francisco - Rosal, Roberto - Quesada del Corral, Antonio - Fernández Piñas, Francisca
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